Formerly at Lancaster University
Aristotle Kallis would be very interested in supervising students with interests in the following broad fields:
fascism and totalitarianism
violence, genocide, terrorism
German and Italian history/politics
Greek interwar history
modern and contemporary 'political religions'
HIST232: Nationalism and genocide in twentieth-century Europe
HIST233: The making of the 'totalitarian city'
HIST452: Research modern history
My main research interests are situated in three main fields:
I am currently working on three projects:
Fascist Rome (1922-43). This project, which combines urban, cultural and intellectual history, examines the way in which Fascism attempted to re-create 'space' and symbolism in Rome with a view to transforming the city as a statement of its universal(ist) project - in other words, as the symbolic 'sacred' space of a universal fascist 'political religion'. It analyses the Fascist regime's universalist intentions (placed in a wider framework of urbanistic debates, both inside Italy and across Europe/ the world) and examines the extent to which they were translated into practice in the two decades of Fascist rule.Research for the project has been funded by the British Academy (2007-08). A research monograph (titled Rome, 1922-43: the making of the fascist capital) is expected to be published in 2012 (Palgrave Macmillan).
Fascism, 'fascist regime', and 'para-fascism'. This project has evolved in the context of a partnership of thirteen international scholars, with two research workshops organised by Antonio Costa Pinto and myself in Lisbon (October 2009, February 2011). We are currently editing a collective volume that deals with the dynamics of the diffusion (and adaptation) of ‘fascist’ ideas and practices (pioneered in Fascist Italy and/or National Socialist Germany) across Europe during the 1920s/1930s; and the complex hybridisation that occurred at the time between fascist regimes and authoritarian dictatorships. Publication of this volume (to which I will also contribute a detailed, comparative theoretical chapter) is expected in late 2012.
Authority, 'licence', and 'spaces of violence': on the dynamics of transgressive mass violence. This research project intends to provide new insights into how mass murderous violence is facilitated, unleashed, and diffused in a particular environment as a dynamic, poly-centric process. It starts from the premise that resort to extra-ordinary violence is a transgressive act that (i) becomes possible in the wake of a special derogation of ethical, cultural, and/ or legal norms; and (ii) usually produces the momentum for further, more profound trangressive behaviour, based on a combination of authorisation, empowerment, and initiative. The project focuses on the overarching mechanisms that legitimise and precipitate the discharge of violence as both collective and individual, hierarchical and spontaneous undertaking. At the heart of this analysis lies the concept of licence as the critical facilitator and precipitant of violence. In this context of this research licence refers to a mandate, derogation or dispensation that generates (and then contributes to) a habitat of violence - a specific milieu of extreme empowerment and diminished accountability for violence against other humans of a kind that, in 'normal' circumstances, would be proscribed.
My main focus is on ‘spaces of violence’ - namely, incidental, institutional, ad hoc or invisible spaces where transgressive violence becomes the norm (whether for a limited or an indefinite period of time). I am especially interested in how mass violence unfolds as a spatially conditioned phenomenon in each case and how the mechanics of ‘licence’ define those spaces in the first instance. This research has brought me to a theoretical and empirical examination of different spaces (prisons, institutionalised camps, death camps or public locations where transgressive violence occurred through collective agency).
I taught at the Universities of Edinburgh (2001-2002) and Bristol (2002-2003) before being appointed at Lancaster University, first in the Department of European Languages and Cultures (2003-2010) and then in the Department of History (2010-).
I am Technology and Information officer for the Department of History. I am also member of the Faculty Information Technology Committee and the Web Strategy Group; and Senior User in the University's pilot programme 'Web Content Creation programme'.
British Academy Project Grant (2007)
Leverhulme Research Fellowship (2005)
Leverhulme Early-Career Fellowship (2003)
My Academia.edu profile: http://lancaster.academia.edu/AristotleKallis
The external portal for my course HIST232 (Mass violence in the 20th century):http://www.centuryofviolence.co.uk
Photography and travel, cinema and theatre, information technology, exploring urban spaces
Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings › Chapter (peer-reviewed)
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article