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David Sobral supervises 3 postgraduate research students. If these students have produced research profiles, these are listed below:

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Dr David Sobral FHEA FRAS


David Sobral

Physics Building



Tel: +44 1524 593529

Office Hours:

Friday, 10-11am + e-mail and open door policy

Research overview

I conduct a wide range of observations at various wavelengths and use the best telescopes in the world (and in space) in order to understand how galaxies like our own Milky-Way formed and evolved from the primitive Universe till today. I also look for and study some of the most distant, early galaxies. Most of my research is done by conducting and exploring some of the largest/widest narrow-band surveys ever done, particularly for sources with emission lines which result from either very hot, young stars, or super-massive black holes. Due to the uniform and self-consistent selection, galaxies found with the narrow-band technique across cosmic time are ideal to understand how they have changed accross cosmic time, but also to conduct detailed follow-up studies that can really unveil the physics and nature of distant sources. ADS list of all my publications.

I'm also keen to provide the opportunity for students to experience state-of-the-art research, particularly by running the XGAL internships: https://xgalweb.wordpress.com.

PhD supervision

[The physics of the first galaxies and their evolution in the epoch of re-ionisation] One of the most exciting open problems in Astrophysics is understanding the nature and evolution of the very first galaxies, stars and black holes, but also how they changed the Universe as a whole and ended the dark ages. This PhD project will allow the student to conduct and explore the largest surveys for very distant galaxies (Lyman-alpha emitters) and push them to the highest look back times when the Universe was only 700 Myrs or less. The student will reduce, analyse and explore near-infrared photometric data in the COSMOS field from the recently concluded (100%) Y-NBS survey (PI: Sobral) on the Very Large Telescope in Chile, which had an allocation of 50 hours in excellent observing conditions. The Y-NBS survey is the widest ever conducted for distant bright Lyman-α sources, even more distant than the CR7 galaxy (Sobral et al. 2015) and the student is expected to find up to 10-20 new bright distant galaxies, along with 1000s of other lower redshift starburst galaxies and AGN. The student will also explore our state-of-the-art datasets that have just been obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope, ALMA and with other instruments on the VLT in Chile, to place the newly discovered galaxies into a wider context and test state- of-the-art models. The second part of the project will involve obtaining and exploring follow-up observations, including spectroscopy at a variety of wavelengths with the 8- to 10-m telescopes, in order to investigate the physics of the first galaxies. This will involve a close link with photo-ionisation and radiative transfer models and will provide some of the first measurements of the metallicity, ionisation parameters and other properties of early galaxies. The results will provide crucial new information to improve our currently limited understanding of the re-ionisation epoch and how distant bright galaxies may have played a crucial role in such process.

Current Teaching

PHYS111: Functions and Differentiation

PHYS263: Astronomy

PHYS264: Astrophysics I

(NEW for 2018/2019!) PHYS369: Observational Astrophysics group project

Research Interests

Galaxy formation and evolution; Emission-line galaxies; High-redshift galaxies; Re-ionisation of the Universe; The star formation history of the Universe; Hot/massive stars; Super-massive black holes

Web Links

Research Grants

Observational Astrophysics PATT grant (2018-2020)

Observational Astrophysics PATT grant (2016-2018)

NWO VENI grant (2012-2016): "From the First Galaxies to the Peak of the Star Formation History"

FCT Starting grant (2013-2015)

PhD Supervisions Completed

- Ana Paulino-Afonso (2019). Currently: Postdoctoral fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE), Garching, Germany.


- Dr. Jorryt Matthee (2018). Currently: Zwickly Prize Fellow at ETH Zurich, Switzerland.


- Dr Ali Khostovan (2018). Currently: NASA NPP Fellow at NASA Goddard, U.S.A.

- Dr. Andra Stroe (2015, Leiden University, co-supervision). Currently: CfA Clay fellowship at the Harvard-Smithsonian (previously: ESO fellow), U.S.A.

- Dr. Behnam Darvish (2015, University of California Riverside, co-supervision). Currently a postdoctoral fellow at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), U.S.A.

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