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Declan Lloyd

Research student

Declan Lloyd

Lancaster University

County College



Research overview

My thesis is entitled The Implicit Art: Tracing the Underlying Presence of Art in the Modernists and After. My research centers around discerning how art can be present within literature without being explicit (i.e. with actual images and specific references to art/artists), for example through language, style and thematics, tonality, poetics, varied forms of allusion and ekphrasis (etc. etc.). These permeations, the suffusion of art and movements within literary texts, often expose how the authors use the preexisting philosophies of art to bolster their own ideas, and in frequent cases as a critical lens up to society. I am interested in works by J. G. Ballard who engages the surrealists, Douglas Coupland who emulates the Pop artists, William Burroughs and the cut-up method of Brion Gysin, and Gertrude Stein's writerly-artistic relationship with Picasso. Theoretically my research draws heavily on the work of Marshall McLuhan, whose psychoanalytic and media studies often incorporate aesthetic dynamics and explore how the critical potential of art.