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Professor Peter Rowe


Peter Rowe


Tel: +44 1524 594243

PhD supervision

International Humanitarian Law (Law of Armed Conflict or Laws of War)

Human Rights relating to Armed Forces

Comparative Military law

Research Interests

Career Details

He has also taught at the University of Liverpool and was Professor and Head of the Department of Law there from 1988-93. He has been chairman of the U.K. Group of the International Society for Military Law and the Laws of War. He was the Inaugural Sir Ninian Stephen Visiting Scholar at the Asia Pacific Centre for Military law, Faculty of Laws, University of Melbourne (June/July 2003). His main research interests lie in the fields of military law and the international laws of war and the relationship between them.His latest book is The Impact of Human Rights Law on Armed Forces (2006, Cambridge University Press). His publications since 1997 are listed below. He has given papers in Australia, New Zealand, Norway, USA, Sweden, Germany, Holland, France, Poland, Ukraine, Moldova, Russia, Trinidad and Tobago, the Cayman Islands. His speaking engagements since 2008 follow the list of publications below.

Publications since 1997

Rowe P, 'Armed Forces and International Jurisdictions: a General Survey' in M.Odello and F. Seatzu (Eds), Armed Forces and International Jurisdictions, (Intersentia, 2013), pp. 1-13.

Rowe P, 'Comparative Survey: 'The UK' in Israel's Mechanisms for Examining and Investigating complaints and Claims of Violations of the Laws of Armed Conflict According to International Law, (Second Report - The Turkel commission, 2013), pp. 717-799

Rowe P, Halsbury's Laws of England, Vol 3, Armed Conflict and Emergency; Armed Forces, (2011), contributions to both titles.

Rowe P, 'The Criminal Liability of a British Soldier Merely for Participating in the Iraq War 2003: a Response to Chilcot Evidence' [2010] Criminal Law Review pp. 752-760.

Rowe P, 'The Relationship between International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law and its Perceptability in Case Law (2010) 103 Militair Rechtelijk Tijdschrift, pp. 181-191.

Rowe P, 'United Nations Peacekeeping Forces and Human Rights Violations: the Role of Military Discipline' (2010) 51 Harvard International Law Journal On Line, pp. 69-81.

Rowe P, 'The Application of International Humanitarian Law to Attacks on Education in Armed Conflicts' in Protecting Education From Attack (UNESCO, 2010) pp.179-194.

Rowe P, United Kingdom Correspondent's Report, (2009) 12 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 674-687 (published 2011).

Rowe P, United Kingdom Correspondent's Report, (2008) 11 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 571-583 (published 2010).

Rowe P, 'Military Misconduct during International Armed Operations: "Bad Apples" or Systemic Failure?' (2008) 13 Jo Conflict & Security Law pp. 165-189.

Rowe P, 'The Obligation of a State under International Law to Protect Members of its own Armed Forces During Armed Conflict or Occupation' (2006) Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law (published 2008) pp. 3-24. Ibid, Correspondent's Report on UK pp. 606-622.

Rowe P, 'The Soldier as a Citizen in Uniform: a Reappraisal' (2007) 7 New Zealand Armed Forces Law Review, pp.1-17.

Rowe P, 'The Rules of Engagement in Occupied Territory: Should they be Published?' (2007) 8 Melbourne Journal of International Law, pp.327-339.

Rowe P, 'The United Kingdom Armed Forces: The Advance of Human Rights' in S.Hetherington, (ed) Halsbury's Laws of England, Centenary Essays 2007 (LexisNexis, 2007) pp.41-53.

Rowe P, 'Non-International Armed Conflict and the European Court of Human Rights: Chechnya from 1999' (2007) 4 New Zealand Yearbook of International Law pp.205-226.

Rowe P, Introduction and General Note to the Armed Forces Act 2006, Current Law Statutes Annotated, 2006, pp.16-37.

Rowe P, Memorandum to the House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution, 'Waging war: Parliament's role and responsibility' Volume II, HL Paper 236-11, 15th Report of Session 2005-6, pp. 18-21.

Rowe P, 'Do Soldiers Really Have to Apply Human Rights in Military Operations?' at http://www.unawestminster.org.uk click on 'What we do'

Rowe P, 'The Effect on National Law of the Customary International Law Study' (2006) Jo. Conflict & Security Law pp.165-177

Rowe P. The Impact of Human Rights Law on Armed Forces (Cambridge University Press, 2006). pp. 249.

Rowe P, 'War and Armed Conflict', in Halsbury's Laws of England, Vol 49(1), 2005, pp 521-761 (contributions).

Rowe P, 'The Application of the European Convention on Human Rights during an International Armed Conflict' in Burchill, White and Morris (eds), International Conflict and Security Law, Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp. 185-208.

Rowe P, Meyer, M, (eds) International Humanitarian Law: A Guide to Action (British Red Cross & Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 2003).

Rowe P, 'War Crimes' in McGoldrick, Rowe, Donnelly (eds) The Permanent International Criminal Court (Hart, 2004) pp.203-230.

Rowe P, The Legal Position of the Armed Forces, in Halsbury's Laws of England, 4th edn, Vol 2(2), 2003, pp.7-145 (contributions)

Rowe P, Military Law in the United Kingdom, in G Nolte (ed) European Military Law Systems (De Gruyter Recht, Berlin, 2003) pp.831-888

Rowe P, 'A New Court to Protect Human Rights in the Armed Forces of the UK: The Summary Appeal Court' (2003) 8 Jo Conflict and Security Law, pp.201-215

Rowe P, 'Responses to Terror: The New "War" ' (2002) 3 Melbourne Journal of International Law, pp.301-321.

Rowe P, 'Historical Developments influencing the Present Law of Visiting Forces' in D Fleck, The Handbook of the Law of Visiting Forces (Ox. Univ Press, 2001) pp.11-44

Rowe P. 'Control over Armed Forces Exercised by the European Court of Human Rights' in Vankovska (ed) Legal Framing of the Democratic Control of Armed Forces and the Security Sector: Norms and Reality/ies (Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces), 2001, 57-67

Rowe P. 'Freedom fighters and rebels: The rules of civil war' (2002)95 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine,pp.3-4.

Rowe P. 'The Armed Forces Act 2001' (Current Law Statutes Annotated).

Rowe P. 'Armed Forces Discipline Act 2000' (Current Law Statutes Annotated).

Rowe P. Memorandum to Foreign Affairs Committee, Appendix 28 (pp 1-9), Foreign Affairs Committee, Fourth Report, Kosovo, vol II (HC28-II), H.M.S.O, 2000. [available online at: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199900/cmselect/cmfaff/28/28ap43.htm]

Rowe P. & Bryan, I. 'The Role of Evidence in War Crimes Trials: The Common Law and the Yugoslav Tribunal',(2000) 2 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Lawpp. 307-323.

Rowe P. 'Maintaining Discipline in United Nations Peace Support Operations: The Legal Quagmire for Military Contingents' Journal of Conflict & Security Law, 2000, 5, 45-62. REPRINTED in B.Kondoch, (ed.) International Peacekeeping, (Ashgate, 2007) pp.277-294.

Rowe P. (Individual Pages), in Crimes of War, ed. D. R. Roy Gutman (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999)

Rowe P. 'Kosovo 1999, The air campaign. Have the provisions of additional Protocol I withstood the test?' (2000) 82 International Review of the Red Cross, pp.147-164.

Rowe P. 'Duress as a Defence to War Crimes after Erdemovic, A Laboratory for a Permanent Court?' (1999) 1Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, pp. 210-228.

Rowe P. 'The Crown and the Armed Forces' in The Nature of the Crown: A Legal and Political Analysis, ed M. Sunkin & S. Payne (OUP, 1999) pp. 267-281.

Rowe P. 'War and Armed Conflict' in Halsbury's Laws of England, 1998, 49,(1), 425-607.

Rowe P, (ed.) Review of Institutional Lessons to be Learned, 1994-96 (Lancaster: Lancaster University, 1997, pp.252.

Current Research

  • Human Rights Law and the Armed Forces.
  • Implementation of International Humanitarian Law into national law and military systems
  • Military misconduct during armed operations
  • Non-international armed conflicts

Speaking engagements since 2008


'United Nations Security Council Resolutions and National Law', invited speaker, research seminar, School of Law, Queen's University Belfast, 2 March 2011.

Presentation, International and European Human Rights Law; Extra-Territorial Effect', 5th Vienna Course on International Law for Military Legal Advisers, Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports, Vienna, 26 November 2010.

Guest Panelist, Harvard University live web seminar on 'Education and Armed Conflict: Development of New Norms?' 10 June 2010.

Presentation and discussion of relevant human rights standards, at Roundtable, Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Armed Forces Personnel, 2010 (invited by OSCE/ODIHR).

The Law of Armed Conflict in Afghanistan, invited speaker at a transatlantic discussion by videoconference, connecting the Lauterpacht Centre, Cambridge University with the Pentagon, the State Department, US Naval War College and Fort Lewis in Washington State, Cambridge, 6 May 2010.

'Human Rights of Members of British Army', National Defence Academy of the UK, February 2010

Panelist, Imperial War Museum North, Public Debate on 'How Useful is the Current Definition of PoW in Terms of 21 century Conflict', 19 October 2009.

UNESCO conference on Protecting Education from Attack, Paris, September 2009, invited by the Office of Her Highness Sheikha Mozah Bint Nasser Al -Missned of Qatar as speaker on 'The Application of International Humanitarian Law to Attacks on Education in Armed Conflict'.

'Some Causes of Military Misconduct during International Military Operations,' the Prosecutors' Office, Conference on European Convention on Human Rights and Law Enforcement Regarding the Use of Force in Military Operations', Arnhem, The Netherlands, 16 September 2009

Seminar, Increasing the Protection of Educational Systems during War and Insecurity, 'Keynote address', London, 24 June 2009.

European Parliament: Subcommittee on Security and Defence, Public Hearing, presentation on 'Illegal Orders and the Rights of Soldiers', Brussels, January 2009.

'Touching War' conference, 'Misconduct during Military Operations', Lancaster University, 2008

Panelist, BBC Radio 4, 'Misleading Evidence' programme, chaired by Clive Anderson, 2008.

Faculty of Law, University of Canterbury conference, 'Misconduct during Military Operations' Christchurch, New Zealand, 2008

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