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Trust based on bias: cognitive constraints on source-related fallacies

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsPaper

Published
Publication date2014
Host publicationVirtues of argumentation: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA)
EditorsDima Mohammed, Marcin Lewinski
Pages1-13
Number of pages13
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This paper advances a cognitive account of the rhetorical effectiveness of fallacious arguments and takes the example of source-related fallacies. Drawing on cognitive psychology and evolutionary linguistics, we claim that a fallacy enforces accessibility and epistemic cognitive constraints on argument processing targeted at preventing the addressee from spotting its fallaciousness, by managing to prevent or circumvent critical reactions. We address the evolutionary bases of biases and the way that these are exploited in fallacious argumentation.