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The Intervention Effect of Negation on Wh-Adverbials in Late Archaic Chinese

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paper

Publication date08/2015
Host publicationThe Second Asian and European Linguistic Conference Proceedings
Place of PublicationNewcastle
PublisherNewcastle University
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9780701702519
Original languageEnglish

Publication series

NameNewcastle and Northumbria Working Papers in Linguistics
PublisherNewcastle University
ISSN (Print)2041-1057


This paper investigates the Intervention Effect of negation in Late Archaic Chinese (5th
rd c
BC; ‘LAC’). Wh-complements of adverbials must raise out of the head-initial PPs to a
position between TP and vP due to obligatory wh-preposing, generating the reverted order
wh-P. Fronted wh-constituents may target one of the two focalised positions in the medial
domain, and the distributional asymmetry of wh-phrases is correlated with their base positions.
The lower focused position below negation accommodates preposed wh-adverbials basegenerated
between negation and vP, while the higher focus position above negation is
expected to exclusively permit wh-constituents base-generated above negation, viz. whcomplements
of high PPs. However, when a negator is present and c-commands a whadverbial
that is supposed to target the low focus position, it will trigger wh-movement to the
high focused position due to the Intervention Effect of negation (Beck 1996, Beck and Kim
1997, Kim 2002, 2006).