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Parallel scheduling of multiclass M/M/m queues: approximate and heavy-traffic optimization of achievable performance

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2001
<mark>Journal</mark>Operations Research
Issue number4
Number of pages15
Pages (from-to)609-623
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish


We address the problem of scheduling a multiclass M/M/mqueue with Bernoulli feedback on mparallel servers to minimize time-average linear holding costs. We analyze the performance of a heuristic priority-index rule, which extends Klimov's optimal solution to the single-server case: servers select preemptively customers with larger Klimov indices. We present closed-form suboptimality bounds (approximate optimality) for Klimov's rule, which imply that its suboptimality gap is uniformly bounded above with respect to (i) external arrival rates, as long as they stay within system capacity; and (ii) the number of servers. It follows that its relativesuboptimality gap vanishes in a heavy-traffic limit, as external arrival rates approach system capacity (heavy-traffic optimality). We obtain simpler expressions for the special no-feedback case, where the heuristic reduces to the classical cµ rule. Our analysis is based on comparing the expected cost of Klimov's rule to the value of a strong linear programming (LP) relaxation of the system's region of achievable performance of mean queue lengths. In order to obtain this relaxation, we derive and exploit a new set of work decomposition lawsfor the parallel-server system. We further report on the results of a computational study on the quality of the cµ rule for parallel scheduling.

Bibliographic note

RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Statistics and Operational Research