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Investigating ‘care leaver’ identity: A narrative analysis of personal experience stories

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>01/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Text and Talk
Issue number1
Volume39
Number of pages21
Pages (from-to)25-45
Publication statusPublished
Early online date23/11/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

People who spent time in public care as children are often represented
as ‘care leavers’. This paper investigates how ‘care leaver’ is discursively constructed as a group identity, by analyzing 18 written personal experience stories from several charity websites by people identified or who self-identify as care leavers. Several approaches to narrative analysis are used: a clause-level analysis based on Labovʼs code scheme; the identification of turning points; an
analysis of ‘identity work’; and an analysis of subject positions relative to
‘master narratives’. The findings from each of the methods are then combined
to reveal how intertextual, narrative-structural, and contextual factors combine
to constitute a common care leaver discourse. This forms the basis for a characterization of ‘care leaver’ group identity as ‘survivors of the system’. The
findings also reveal how ‘care leaver’ as type, including stereotype, influences
how identity is constructed in the personal experience narratives.