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21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions

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21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions. / Aragao, Luiz E. O. C.; Anderson, Liana O.; Fonseca, Marisa G.; Rosan, Thais M.; Vedovato, Laura B.; Wagner, Fabien H.; Silva, Camila V. J.; Silva Junior, Celso H. L.; Arai, Egidio; Aguiar, Ana P.; Barlow, Jos; Berenguer, Erika; Deeter, Merritt N.; Domingues, Lucas G.; Gatti, Luciana; Gloor, Manuel; Malhi, Yadvinder; Marengo, Jose A.; Miller, John B.; Phillips, Oliver L.; Saatchi, Sassan.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, 536, 13.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Aragao, LEOC, Anderson, LO, Fonseca, MG, Rosan, TM, Vedovato, LB, Wagner, FH, Silva, CVJ, Silva Junior, CHL, Arai, E, Aguiar, AP, Barlow, J, Berenguer, E, Deeter, MN, Domingues, LG, Gatti, L, Gloor, M, Malhi, Y, Marengo, JA, Miller, JB, Phillips, OL & Saatchi, S 2018, '21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions', Nature Communications, vol. 9, 536. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y

APA

Aragao, L. E. O. C., Anderson, L. O., Fonseca, M. G., Rosan, T. M., Vedovato, L. B., Wagner, F. H., Silva, C. V. J., Silva Junior, C. H. L., Arai, E., Aguiar, A. P., Barlow, J., Berenguer, E., Deeter, M. N., Domingues, L. G., Gatti, L., Gloor, M., Malhi, Y., Marengo, J. A., Miller, J. B., ... Saatchi, S. (2018). 21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions. Nature Communications, 9, [536]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y

Vancouver

Aragao LEOC, Anderson LO, Fonseca MG, Rosan TM, Vedovato LB, Wagner FH et al. 21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions. Nature Communications. 2018 Feb 13;9. 536. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y

Author

Aragao, Luiz E. O. C. ; Anderson, Liana O. ; Fonseca, Marisa G. ; Rosan, Thais M. ; Vedovato, Laura B. ; Wagner, Fabien H. ; Silva, Camila V. J. ; Silva Junior, Celso H. L. ; Arai, Egidio ; Aguiar, Ana P. ; Barlow, Jos ; Berenguer, Erika ; Deeter, Merritt N. ; Domingues, Lucas G. ; Gatti, Luciana ; Gloor, Manuel ; Malhi, Yadvinder ; Marengo, Jose A. ; Miller, John B. ; Phillips, Oliver L. ; Saatchi, Sassan. / 21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions. In: Nature Communications. 2018 ; Vol. 9.

Bibtex

@article{9ea6f42a592a49b8a6e6bc81623691c3,
title = "21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions",
abstract = "Tropical carbon emissions are largely derived from direct forest clearing processes. Yet, emissions from drought-induced forest fires are, usually, not included in national-level carbon emission inventories. Here we examine Brazilian Amazon drought impacts on fire incidence and associated forest fire carbon emissions over the period 2003-2015. We show that despite a 76% decline in deforestation rates over the past 13 years, fire incidence increased by 36% during the 2015 drought compared to the preceding 12 years. The 2015 drought had the largest ever ratio of active fire counts to deforestation, with active fires occurring over an area of 799,293 km(2). Gross emissions from forest fires (989 +/- 504 Tg CO2 year(-1)) alone are more than half as great as those from old-growth forest deforestation during drought years. We conclude that carbon emission inventories intended for accounting and developing policies need to take account of substantial forest fire emissions not associated to the deforestation process.",
keywords = "TROPICAL FORESTS, BRAZILIAN AMAZON, CO2 EMISSIONS, CLIMATE, BIOMASS, OSCILLATION, VALIDATION, CANOPY, BASIN, MODIS",
author = "Aragao, {Luiz E. O. C.} and Anderson, {Liana O.} and Fonseca, {Marisa G.} and Rosan, {Thais M.} and Vedovato, {Laura B.} and Wagner, {Fabien H.} and Silva, {Camila V. J.} and {Silva Junior}, {Celso H. L.} and Egidio Arai and Aguiar, {Ana P.} and Jos Barlow and Erika Berenguer and Deeter, {Merritt N.} and Domingues, {Lucas G.} and Luciana Gatti and Manuel Gloor and Yadvinder Malhi and Marengo, {Jose A.} and Miller, {John B.} and Phillips, {Oliver L.} and Sassan Saatchi",
year = "2018",
month = feb,
day = "13",
doi = "10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - 21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions

AU - Aragao, Luiz E. O. C.

AU - Anderson, Liana O.

AU - Fonseca, Marisa G.

AU - Rosan, Thais M.

AU - Vedovato, Laura B.

AU - Wagner, Fabien H.

AU - Silva, Camila V. J.

AU - Silva Junior, Celso H. L.

AU - Arai, Egidio

AU - Aguiar, Ana P.

AU - Barlow, Jos

AU - Berenguer, Erika

AU - Deeter, Merritt N.

AU - Domingues, Lucas G.

AU - Gatti, Luciana

AU - Gloor, Manuel

AU - Malhi, Yadvinder

AU - Marengo, Jose A.

AU - Miller, John B.

AU - Phillips, Oliver L.

AU - Saatchi, Sassan

PY - 2018/2/13

Y1 - 2018/2/13

N2 - Tropical carbon emissions are largely derived from direct forest clearing processes. Yet, emissions from drought-induced forest fires are, usually, not included in national-level carbon emission inventories. Here we examine Brazilian Amazon drought impacts on fire incidence and associated forest fire carbon emissions over the period 2003-2015. We show that despite a 76% decline in deforestation rates over the past 13 years, fire incidence increased by 36% during the 2015 drought compared to the preceding 12 years. The 2015 drought had the largest ever ratio of active fire counts to deforestation, with active fires occurring over an area of 799,293 km(2). Gross emissions from forest fires (989 +/- 504 Tg CO2 year(-1)) alone are more than half as great as those from old-growth forest deforestation during drought years. We conclude that carbon emission inventories intended for accounting and developing policies need to take account of substantial forest fire emissions not associated to the deforestation process.

AB - Tropical carbon emissions are largely derived from direct forest clearing processes. Yet, emissions from drought-induced forest fires are, usually, not included in national-level carbon emission inventories. Here we examine Brazilian Amazon drought impacts on fire incidence and associated forest fire carbon emissions over the period 2003-2015. We show that despite a 76% decline in deforestation rates over the past 13 years, fire incidence increased by 36% during the 2015 drought compared to the preceding 12 years. The 2015 drought had the largest ever ratio of active fire counts to deforestation, with active fires occurring over an area of 799,293 km(2). Gross emissions from forest fires (989 +/- 504 Tg CO2 year(-1)) alone are more than half as great as those from old-growth forest deforestation during drought years. We conclude that carbon emission inventories intended for accounting and developing policies need to take account of substantial forest fire emissions not associated to the deforestation process.

KW - TROPICAL FORESTS

KW - BRAZILIAN AMAZON

KW - CO2 EMISSIONS

KW - CLIMATE

KW - BIOMASS

KW - OSCILLATION

KW - VALIDATION

KW - CANOPY

KW - BASIN

KW - MODIS

U2 - 10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y

DO - 10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 536

ER -