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A family risk study exploring bipolar spectrum problems and cognitive biases in adolescent children of bipolar parents

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>06/2012
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Adolescence
Issue number3
Volume35
Number of pages4
Pages (from-to)769-772
Publication statusPublished
Early online date6/12/11
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Children of parents with bipolar disorder are at increased risk of bipolar spectrum diagnoses. This cross-sectional study explores cognitive factors in the prediction of vulnerability to bipolar disorder. Adolescents at high-risk (with a parent with bipolar disorder; n = 23) and age and gender matched adolescents (n = 24) were recruited. Parent and adolescent diagnoses were evaluated (SCID and SADS-L). Adolescents completed self-report measures assessing attributional style (ASQ), appraisal of hypomania-relevant experiences (HIQ), and hypomanic personality/temperament (HPS). Despite limitations in the power of the study, significantly more adolescents at high-risk for disorder received bipolar spectrum diagnoses. Groups did not differ in attributional style, hypomanic temperament or appraisals of hypomania-relevant experiences. A trend in ASQ results and general implications are discussed. The current study suggests that familial risk of bipolar disorder is not inevitably associated with cognitive biases in adolescence.