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A Flexible ICT Architecture to Support Ancillary Services in Future Electricity Distribution Networks: An Accounting Use Case for DSOs

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Article number6
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/07/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Energy Informatics
Volume3
Number of pages10
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

With the increased penetration of distributed renewable energy sources (DRES) in the grid, new pathways are required to keep the electricity distribution system stable. The provision of ancillary services (AS) by the DRES can contribute in this regard. However, it is necessary to communicate the need for AS from the third party providers such as distribution system operator (DSO) to the DRES in an efficient and scalable manner. To this end, a flexible information and communication technology (ICT) architecture is presented in this paper, and the requirements for the architecture are elaborated. We argue that this architecture is capable of supporting the present and future needs of electricity distribution networks. To illustrate its utility and effectiveness, an accounting use case for DSOs has been presented; it describes a remuneration scheme for the AS provision. A dashboard has been developed to enable communication via this architecture and to allow control of the grid. In addition, a distributed ledger technology for the realization of accounting has been analysed with respect to its scalability and performance capabilities.