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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hawes, JE, Vieira, ICG, Magnago, LFS, et al. A large‐scale assessment of plant dispersal mode and seed traits across human‐modified Amazonian forests. J Ecol. 2020; 00: 1– 13. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13358 which has been published in final form at https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1365-2745.13358 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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    Embargo ends: 17/02/21

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A large-scale assessment of plant dispersal mode and seed traits across human-modified Amazonian forests

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/07/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Ecology
Issue number4
Volume108
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)1373-1385
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date17/02/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Quantifying the impact of habitat disturbance on ecosystem function is critical to understanding and predicting the future of tropical forests. Many studies have examined post‐disturbance changes in animal traits related to mutualistic interactions with plants, but the effect of disturbance on plant traits in diverse forests has received much less attention.

Focusing on two study regions in the eastern Brazilian Amazon, we used a trait‐based approach to examine how seed dispersal functionality within tropical plant communities changes across a landscape‐scale gradient of human modification, including both regenerating secondary forests and primary forests disturbed by burning and selective logging.

Surveys of 230 forest plots recorded 26,533 live stems from 846 tree species. Using herbarium material and literature, we compiled trait information for each tree species, focusing on dispersal mode and seed size.

Disturbance reduced tree diversity and increased the proportion of lower wood density and small‐seeded tree species in study plots. Disturbance also increased the proportion of stems with seeds that are ingested by animals and reduced those dispersed by other mechanisms (e.g. wind). Older secondary forests had functionally similar plant communities to the most heavily disturbed primary forests. Mean seed size and wood density per plot were positively correlated for plant species with seeds ingested by animals.

Synthesis. Anthropogenic disturbance has major effects on the seed traits of tree communities, with implications for mutualistic interactions with animals. The important role of animal‐mediated seed dispersal in disturbed and recovering forests highlights the need to avoid defaunation or promote faunal recovery. The changes in mean seed width suggest larger vertebrates hold especially important functional roles in these human‐modified forests. Monitoring fruit and seed traits can provide a valuable indicator of ecosystem condition, emphasizing the importance of developing a comprehensive plant traits database for the Amazon and other biomes.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hawes, JE, Vieira, ICG, Magnago, LFS, et al. A large‐scale assessment of plant dispersal mode and seed traits across human‐modified Amazonian forests. J Ecol. 2020; 00: 1– 13. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13358 which has been published in final form at https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1365-2745.13358 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.