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A methodology for analysing and evaluating narratives in annual reports: a comprehensive descriptive profile and metrics for disclosure quality attributes

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A methodology for analysing and evaluating narratives in annual reports : a comprehensive descriptive profile and metrics for disclosure quality attributes. / Beattie, Vivien; McInnes, Bill; Fearnley, Stella.

In: Accounting Forum, Vol. 28, No. 3, 09.2004, p. 205-236.

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@article{ebd7fb3e71c242088d6ae1088dbbcbff,
title = "A methodology for analysing and evaluating narratives in annual reports: a comprehensive descriptive profile and metrics for disclosure quality attributes",
abstract = "There is a consensus that the business reporting model needs to expand to serve the changing information needs of the market and provide the information required for enhanced corporate transparency and accountability. Worldwide, regulators view narrative disclosures as the key to achieving the desired step-change in the quality of corporate reporting. In recent years, accounting researchers have increasingly focused their efforts on investigating disclosure and it is now recognised that there is an urgent need to develop disclosure metrics to facilitate research into voluntary disclosure and quality [Core, J. E. (2001). A review of the empirical disclosure literature. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 31(3), 441–456]. This paper responds to this call and contributes in two principal ways. First, the paper introduces to the academic literature a comprehensive four-dimensional framework for the holistic content analysis of accounting narratives and presents a computer-assisted methodology for implementing this framework. This procedure provides a rich descriptive profile of a company's narrative disclosures based on the coding of topic and three type attributes. Second, the paper explores the complex concept of quality, and the problematic nature of quality measurement. It makes a preliminary attempt to identify some of the attributes of quality (such as relative amount of disclosure and topic spread), suggests observable proxies for these and offers a tentative summary measure of disclosure quality.",
keywords = "Business reporting, Disclosure , Disclosure quality, Narratives , Annual reports , Content analysis , Forward-looking information , Non-financial information , Qualitative information",
author = "Vivien Beattie and Bill McInnes and Stella Fearnley",
year = "2004",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.accfor.2004.07.001",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "205--236",
journal = "Accounting Forum",
issn = "0155-9982",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A methodology for analysing and evaluating narratives in annual reports

T2 - Accounting Forum

AU - Beattie,Vivien

AU - McInnes,Bill

AU - Fearnley,Stella

PY - 2004/9

Y1 - 2004/9

N2 - There is a consensus that the business reporting model needs to expand to serve the changing information needs of the market and provide the information required for enhanced corporate transparency and accountability. Worldwide, regulators view narrative disclosures as the key to achieving the desired step-change in the quality of corporate reporting. In recent years, accounting researchers have increasingly focused their efforts on investigating disclosure and it is now recognised that there is an urgent need to develop disclosure metrics to facilitate research into voluntary disclosure and quality [Core, J. E. (2001). A review of the empirical disclosure literature. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 31(3), 441–456]. This paper responds to this call and contributes in two principal ways. First, the paper introduces to the academic literature a comprehensive four-dimensional framework for the holistic content analysis of accounting narratives and presents a computer-assisted methodology for implementing this framework. This procedure provides a rich descriptive profile of a company's narrative disclosures based on the coding of topic and three type attributes. Second, the paper explores the complex concept of quality, and the problematic nature of quality measurement. It makes a preliminary attempt to identify some of the attributes of quality (such as relative amount of disclosure and topic spread), suggests observable proxies for these and offers a tentative summary measure of disclosure quality.

AB - There is a consensus that the business reporting model needs to expand to serve the changing information needs of the market and provide the information required for enhanced corporate transparency and accountability. Worldwide, regulators view narrative disclosures as the key to achieving the desired step-change in the quality of corporate reporting. In recent years, accounting researchers have increasingly focused their efforts on investigating disclosure and it is now recognised that there is an urgent need to develop disclosure metrics to facilitate research into voluntary disclosure and quality [Core, J. E. (2001). A review of the empirical disclosure literature. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 31(3), 441–456]. This paper responds to this call and contributes in two principal ways. First, the paper introduces to the academic literature a comprehensive four-dimensional framework for the holistic content analysis of accounting narratives and presents a computer-assisted methodology for implementing this framework. This procedure provides a rich descriptive profile of a company's narrative disclosures based on the coding of topic and three type attributes. Second, the paper explores the complex concept of quality, and the problematic nature of quality measurement. It makes a preliminary attempt to identify some of the attributes of quality (such as relative amount of disclosure and topic spread), suggests observable proxies for these and offers a tentative summary measure of disclosure quality.

KW - Business reporting

KW - Disclosure

KW - Disclosure quality

KW - Narratives

KW - Annual reports

KW - Content analysis

KW - Forward-looking information

KW - Non-financial information

KW - Qualitative information

U2 - 10.1016/j.accfor.2004.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.accfor.2004.07.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 28

SP - 205

EP - 236

JO - Accounting Forum

JF - Accounting Forum

SN - 0155-9982

IS - 3

ER -