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A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease: a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia

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A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease : a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia. / Alderton, S.; Macleod, E.T.; Anderson, N.E.; Schaten, K.; Kuleszo, J.; Simuunza, M.; Welburn, S.C.; Atkinson, P.M.

In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Vol. 10, No. 12, e0005252, 27.12.2016.

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Alderton, S, Macleod, ET, Anderson, NE, Schaten, K, Kuleszo, J, Simuunza, M, Welburn, SC & Atkinson, PM 2016, 'A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease: a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia', PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 10, no. 12, e0005252. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005252

APA

Alderton, S., Macleod, E. T., Anderson, N. E., Schaten, K., Kuleszo, J., Simuunza, M., Welburn, S. C., & Atkinson, P. M. (2016). A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease: a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(12), [e0005252]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005252

Vancouver

Alderton S, Macleod ET, Anderson NE, Schaten K, Kuleszo J, Simuunza M et al. A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease: a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2016 Dec 27;10(12). e0005252. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005252

Author

Alderton, S. ; Macleod, E.T. ; Anderson, N.E. ; Schaten, K. ; Kuleszo, J. ; Simuunza, M. ; Welburn, S.C. ; Atkinson, P.M. / A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease : a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia. In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2016 ; Vol. 10, No. 12.

Bibtex

@article{f00db5b69cd34de094c4da7d128b708c,
title = "A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease: a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia",
abstract = "Background: This paper presents a new agent-based model (ABM) for investigating T. b. rhodesiense human African trypanosomiasis (rHAT) disease dynamics, produced to aid a greater understanding of disease transmission, and essential for development of appropriate mitigation strategies. Methods: The ABM was developed to model rHAT incidence at a fine spatial scale along a 75 km transect in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. The method offers a complementary approach to traditional compartmentalised modelling techniques, permitting incorporation of fine scale demographic data such as ethnicity, age and gender into the simulation. Results: Through identification of possible spatial, demographic and behavioural characteristics which may have differing implications for rHAT risk in the region, the ABM produced output that could not be readily generated by other techniques. On average there were 1.99 (S.E. 0.245) human infections and 1.83 (S.E. 0.183) cattle infections per 6 month period. The model output identified that the approximate incidence rate (per 1000 person-years) was lower amongst cattle owning households (0.079, S.E. 0.017), than those without cattle (0.134, S.E. 0.017). Immigrant tribes (e.g. Bemba I.R. = 0.353, S.E.0.155) and school-age children (e.g. 5–10 year old I.R. = 0.239, S.E. 0.041) were the most at-risk for acquiring infection. These findings have the potential to aid the targeting of future mitigation strategies. Conclusion: ABMs provide an alternative way of thinking about HAT and NTDs more generally, offering a solution to the investigation of local-scale questions, and which generate results that can be easily disseminated to those affected. The ABM can be used as a tool for scenario testing at an appropriate spatial scale to allow the design of logistically feasible mitigation strategies suggested by model output. This is of particular importance where resources are limited and management strategies are often pushed to the local scale. {\textcopyright} 2016 Alderton et al.",
author = "S. Alderton and E.T. Macleod and N.E. Anderson and K. Schaten and J. Kuleszo and M. Simuunza and S.C. Welburn and P.M. Atkinson",
year = "2016",
month = dec,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pntd.0005252",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases",
issn = "1935-2727",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A multi-host agent-based model for a zoonotic, vector-borne disease

T2 - a case study on Trypanosomiasis in Eastern Province, Zambia

AU - Alderton, S.

AU - Macleod, E.T.

AU - Anderson, N.E.

AU - Schaten, K.

AU - Kuleszo, J.

AU - Simuunza, M.

AU - Welburn, S.C.

AU - Atkinson, P.M.

PY - 2016/12/27

Y1 - 2016/12/27

N2 - Background: This paper presents a new agent-based model (ABM) for investigating T. b. rhodesiense human African trypanosomiasis (rHAT) disease dynamics, produced to aid a greater understanding of disease transmission, and essential for development of appropriate mitigation strategies. Methods: The ABM was developed to model rHAT incidence at a fine spatial scale along a 75 km transect in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. The method offers a complementary approach to traditional compartmentalised modelling techniques, permitting incorporation of fine scale demographic data such as ethnicity, age and gender into the simulation. Results: Through identification of possible spatial, demographic and behavioural characteristics which may have differing implications for rHAT risk in the region, the ABM produced output that could not be readily generated by other techniques. On average there were 1.99 (S.E. 0.245) human infections and 1.83 (S.E. 0.183) cattle infections per 6 month period. The model output identified that the approximate incidence rate (per 1000 person-years) was lower amongst cattle owning households (0.079, S.E. 0.017), than those without cattle (0.134, S.E. 0.017). Immigrant tribes (e.g. Bemba I.R. = 0.353, S.E.0.155) and school-age children (e.g. 5–10 year old I.R. = 0.239, S.E. 0.041) were the most at-risk for acquiring infection. These findings have the potential to aid the targeting of future mitigation strategies. Conclusion: ABMs provide an alternative way of thinking about HAT and NTDs more generally, offering a solution to the investigation of local-scale questions, and which generate results that can be easily disseminated to those affected. The ABM can be used as a tool for scenario testing at an appropriate spatial scale to allow the design of logistically feasible mitigation strategies suggested by model output. This is of particular importance where resources are limited and management strategies are often pushed to the local scale. © 2016 Alderton et al.

AB - Background: This paper presents a new agent-based model (ABM) for investigating T. b. rhodesiense human African trypanosomiasis (rHAT) disease dynamics, produced to aid a greater understanding of disease transmission, and essential for development of appropriate mitigation strategies. Methods: The ABM was developed to model rHAT incidence at a fine spatial scale along a 75 km transect in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. The method offers a complementary approach to traditional compartmentalised modelling techniques, permitting incorporation of fine scale demographic data such as ethnicity, age and gender into the simulation. Results: Through identification of possible spatial, demographic and behavioural characteristics which may have differing implications for rHAT risk in the region, the ABM produced output that could not be readily generated by other techniques. On average there were 1.99 (S.E. 0.245) human infections and 1.83 (S.E. 0.183) cattle infections per 6 month period. The model output identified that the approximate incidence rate (per 1000 person-years) was lower amongst cattle owning households (0.079, S.E. 0.017), than those without cattle (0.134, S.E. 0.017). Immigrant tribes (e.g. Bemba I.R. = 0.353, S.E.0.155) and school-age children (e.g. 5–10 year old I.R. = 0.239, S.E. 0.041) were the most at-risk for acquiring infection. These findings have the potential to aid the targeting of future mitigation strategies. Conclusion: ABMs provide an alternative way of thinking about HAT and NTDs more generally, offering a solution to the investigation of local-scale questions, and which generate results that can be easily disseminated to those affected. The ABM can be used as a tool for scenario testing at an appropriate spatial scale to allow the design of logistically feasible mitigation strategies suggested by model output. This is of particular importance where resources are limited and management strategies are often pushed to the local scale. © 2016 Alderton et al.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005252

DO - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005252

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

JO - PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

JF - PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

SN - 1935-2727

IS - 12

M1 - e0005252

ER -