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A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities

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A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities. / Wigham, S.; Taylor, J. L.; Hatton, C.

In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Vol. 58, No. 12, 12.2014, p. 1131-1140.

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Wigham, S. ; Taylor, J. L. ; Hatton, C. / A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities. In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2014 ; Vol. 58, No. 12. pp. 1131-1140.

Bibtex

@article{ff74f4999a1849cb8cbc344a20ba76a8,
title = "A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities",
abstract = "Background Research has demonstrated a relationship between the experience of life events and psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), however few studies have established causal links and to date no prospective studies have utilised a measure of trauma that has been developed specifically for this population group. Method This 6-month prospective study examined longitudinal relationships between adverse life events and trauma in 99 adults with mild to moderate ID. Results Life events during the previous 6 months were significantly predictive of levels of trauma as measured by the self-report Lancaster and Northgate trauma scales (LANTS), and the informant LANTS behavioural changes, frequency and severity sub-scales. This prospective causal relationship was demonstrated while controlling for any prior life events or pre-existing trauma, though the relationship was not moderated by social support. Conclusions Evidence of a causal relationship between adverse life events and trauma symptoms is important for treatment planning and funding allocation.",
keywords = "adverse life events, intellectual disabilities, social support, trauma, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT, LEARNING-DISABILITIES, PSYCHIATRIC-SYMPTOMS, SEXUAL-ABUSE, PEOPLE, HEALTH, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, PERSPECTIVE, CAPACITY",
author = "S. Wigham and Taylor, {J. L.} and C. Hatton",
year = "2014",
month = dec
doi = "10.1111/jir.12107",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "1131--1140",
journal = "Journal of Intellectual Disability Research",
issn = "0964-2633",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities

AU - Wigham, S.

AU - Taylor, J. L.

AU - Hatton, C.

PY - 2014/12

Y1 - 2014/12

N2 - Background Research has demonstrated a relationship between the experience of life events and psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), however few studies have established causal links and to date no prospective studies have utilised a measure of trauma that has been developed specifically for this population group. Method This 6-month prospective study examined longitudinal relationships between adverse life events and trauma in 99 adults with mild to moderate ID. Results Life events during the previous 6 months were significantly predictive of levels of trauma as measured by the self-report Lancaster and Northgate trauma scales (LANTS), and the informant LANTS behavioural changes, frequency and severity sub-scales. This prospective causal relationship was demonstrated while controlling for any prior life events or pre-existing trauma, though the relationship was not moderated by social support. Conclusions Evidence of a causal relationship between adverse life events and trauma symptoms is important for treatment planning and funding allocation.

AB - Background Research has demonstrated a relationship between the experience of life events and psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), however few studies have established causal links and to date no prospective studies have utilised a measure of trauma that has been developed specifically for this population group. Method This 6-month prospective study examined longitudinal relationships between adverse life events and trauma in 99 adults with mild to moderate ID. Results Life events during the previous 6 months were significantly predictive of levels of trauma as measured by the self-report Lancaster and Northgate trauma scales (LANTS), and the informant LANTS behavioural changes, frequency and severity sub-scales. This prospective causal relationship was demonstrated while controlling for any prior life events or pre-existing trauma, though the relationship was not moderated by social support. Conclusions Evidence of a causal relationship between adverse life events and trauma symptoms is important for treatment planning and funding allocation.

KW - adverse life events

KW - intellectual disabilities

KW - social support

KW - trauma

KW - POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER

KW - PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT

KW - LEARNING-DISABILITIES

KW - PSYCHIATRIC-SYMPTOMS

KW - SEXUAL-ABUSE

KW - PEOPLE

KW - HEALTH

KW - PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

KW - PERSPECTIVE

KW - CAPACITY

U2 - 10.1111/jir.12107

DO - 10.1111/jir.12107

M3 - Journal article

VL - 58

SP - 1131

EP - 1140

JO - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

JF - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

SN - 0964-2633

IS - 12

ER -