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A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. / Ranasinghe, Shalindra; Rogers, Matthew E; Hamilton, James G C; Bates, Paul A; Maingon, Rhayza D C.

In: Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 102, No. 9, 09.2008, p. 875-882.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Ranasinghe, S, Rogers, ME, Hamilton, JGC, Bates, PA & Maingon, RDC 2008, 'A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis', Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 875-882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.04.003

APA

Ranasinghe, S., Rogers, M. E., Hamilton, J. G. C., Bates, P. A., & Maingon, R. D. C. (2008). A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102(9), 875-882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.04.003

Vancouver

Ranasinghe S, Rogers ME, Hamilton JGC, Bates PA, Maingon RDC. A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2008 Sep;102(9):875-882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.04.003

Author

Ranasinghe, Shalindra ; Rogers, Matthew E ; Hamilton, James G C ; Bates, Paul A ; Maingon, Rhayza D C. / A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. In: Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2008 ; Vol. 102, No. 9. pp. 875-882.

Bibtex

@article{f5687c02572844a08209eb50c90b1255,
title = "A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis",
abstract = "Leishmania chagasi, transmitted mainly by Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies, causes visceral leishmaniasis and atypical cutaneous leishmaniasis in Latin America. Successful vector control depends upon determining vectorial capacity and understanding Leishmania transmission by sand flies. As microscopic detection of Leishmania in dissected sand fly guts is laborious and time-consuming, highly specific, sensitive, rapid and robust Leishmania PCR assays have attracted epidemiologists' attention. Real-time PCR is faster than qualitative PCR and yields quantitative data amenable to statistical analyses. A highly reproducible Leishmania DNA polymerase gene-based TaqMan real-time PCR assay was adapted to quantify Leishmania in sand flies, showing intra-assay and inter-assay coefficient variations lower than 1 and 1.7{\%}, respectively, and sensitivity to 10 pg Leishmania DNA ( approximately 120 parasites) in as much as 100 ng sand fly DNA. Data obtained for experimentally infected sand flies yielded parasite loads within the range of counts obtained by microscopy for the same sand fly cohort or that were around five times higher than microscopy counts, depending on the method used for data analysis. These results highlight the potential of quantitative PCR for Leishmania transmission studies, and the need to understand factors affecting its sensitivity and specificity.",
keywords = "Animals, DNA, Protozoan, Female, Insect Vectors, Leishmania, Leishmaniasis, Psychodidae, Reproducibility of Results, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sensitivity and Specificity",
author = "Shalindra Ranasinghe and Rogers, {Matthew E} and Hamilton, {James G C} and Bates, {Paul A} and Maingon, {Rhayza D C}",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.04.003",
language = "English",
volume = "102",
pages = "875--882",
journal = "Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene",
issn = "0035-9203",
publisher = "Oxford University Press Inc",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis

AU - Ranasinghe, Shalindra

AU - Rogers, Matthew E

AU - Hamilton, James G C

AU - Bates, Paul A

AU - Maingon, Rhayza D C

PY - 2008/9

Y1 - 2008/9

N2 - Leishmania chagasi, transmitted mainly by Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies, causes visceral leishmaniasis and atypical cutaneous leishmaniasis in Latin America. Successful vector control depends upon determining vectorial capacity and understanding Leishmania transmission by sand flies. As microscopic detection of Leishmania in dissected sand fly guts is laborious and time-consuming, highly specific, sensitive, rapid and robust Leishmania PCR assays have attracted epidemiologists' attention. Real-time PCR is faster than qualitative PCR and yields quantitative data amenable to statistical analyses. A highly reproducible Leishmania DNA polymerase gene-based TaqMan real-time PCR assay was adapted to quantify Leishmania in sand flies, showing intra-assay and inter-assay coefficient variations lower than 1 and 1.7%, respectively, and sensitivity to 10 pg Leishmania DNA ( approximately 120 parasites) in as much as 100 ng sand fly DNA. Data obtained for experimentally infected sand flies yielded parasite loads within the range of counts obtained by microscopy for the same sand fly cohort or that were around five times higher than microscopy counts, depending on the method used for data analysis. These results highlight the potential of quantitative PCR for Leishmania transmission studies, and the need to understand factors affecting its sensitivity and specificity.

AB - Leishmania chagasi, transmitted mainly by Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies, causes visceral leishmaniasis and atypical cutaneous leishmaniasis in Latin America. Successful vector control depends upon determining vectorial capacity and understanding Leishmania transmission by sand flies. As microscopic detection of Leishmania in dissected sand fly guts is laborious and time-consuming, highly specific, sensitive, rapid and robust Leishmania PCR assays have attracted epidemiologists' attention. Real-time PCR is faster than qualitative PCR and yields quantitative data amenable to statistical analyses. A highly reproducible Leishmania DNA polymerase gene-based TaqMan real-time PCR assay was adapted to quantify Leishmania in sand flies, showing intra-assay and inter-assay coefficient variations lower than 1 and 1.7%, respectively, and sensitivity to 10 pg Leishmania DNA ( approximately 120 parasites) in as much as 100 ng sand fly DNA. Data obtained for experimentally infected sand flies yielded parasite loads within the range of counts obtained by microscopy for the same sand fly cohort or that were around five times higher than microscopy counts, depending on the method used for data analysis. These results highlight the potential of quantitative PCR for Leishmania transmission studies, and the need to understand factors affecting its sensitivity and specificity.

KW - Animals

KW - DNA, Protozoan

KW - Female

KW - Insect Vectors

KW - Leishmania

KW - Leishmaniasis

KW - Psychodidae

KW - Reproducibility of Results

KW - Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

KW - Sensitivity and Specificity

U2 - 10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.04.003

DO - 10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.04.003

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18501935

VL - 102

SP - 875

EP - 882

JO - Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

JF - Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

SN - 0035-9203

IS - 9

ER -