We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


97% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > A review of physical modelling and numerical si...
View graph of relations

« Back

A review of physical modelling and numerical simulation of long-term geological storage of CO2

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific review


Associated organisational unit

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/2011
<mark>Journal</mark>Applied Energy
Number of pages10
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Numerical simulations are essential to the understanding of the long-term geological storage of CO2. Physical modelling of geological storage of CO2 has been based on Darcy's law, together with the equations of conservation of mass and energy. Modelling and simulations can be used to predict where CO2 is likely to flow, to interpret the volume and spatial distribution of CO2 under storage conditions, and to optimise injection operations. The state of the art of physical modelling and numerical simulation of CO2 dispersion is briefly reviewed in this paper, which calls for more accurate and more efficient modelling approaches. A systematic evaluation of the numerical methods used and a comparison between the streamline based methods and the grid based methods would be valuable. Multi-scale modelling may prove to be of great value in predicting the long-term geological storage of CO2, while highly accurate numerical methods such as high-order schemes may be employed in numerical simulations of CO2 dispersion for local transport calculations. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.