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A time series classification method for behaviour-based dropout prediction

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Abstract

Students' dropout rate is a key metric in online and open distance learning courses. We propose a time-series classification method to construct data based on students' behaviour and activities on a number of online distance learning modules. Further, we propose a dropout prediction model based on the time series forest (TSF) classification algorithm. The proposed predictive model is based on interaction data and is independent of learning objectives and subject domains. The model enables prediction of dropout rates without the requirement for pedagogical experts. Results show that the prediction accuracy on two selected datasets increases as the portion of data used in the model grows. However, a reasonable prediction accuracy of 0.84 is possible with only 5% of the dataset processed. As a result, early prediction can help instructors design interventions to encourage course completion before a student falls too far behind.

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©2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.