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Accounting for choice of measurement scale in extreme value modeling

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Accounting for choice of measurement scale in extreme value modeling. / Wadsworth, Jennifer; Tawn, Jon; Jonathan, Philip.

In: Annals of Applied Statistics, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2010, p. 1558-1578.

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@article{2671c6df46054e50bcd9b5663e24117a,
title = "Accounting for choice of measurement scale in extreme value modeling",
abstract = "We investigate the effect that the choice of measurement scale has upon inference and extrapolation in extreme value analysis. Separate analyses of variables from a single process on scales which are linked by a nonlinear transformation may lead to discrepant conclusions concerning the tail behavior of the process. We propose the use of a Box–Cox power transformation incorporated as part of the inference procedure to account parametrically for the uncertainty surrounding the scale of extrapolation. This has the additional feature of increasing the rate of convergence of the distribution tails to an extreme value form in certain cases and thus reducing bias in the model estimation. Inference without reparameterization is practicably infeasible, so we explore a reparameterization which exploits the asymptotic theory of normalizing constants required for nondegenerate limit distributions. Inference is carried out in a Bayesian setting, an advantage of this being the availability of posterior predictive return levels. The methodology is illustrated on both simulated data and significant wave height data from the North Sea.",
keywords = "Extreme value theory, Box–Cox transformation , reparameterization , significant wave height",
author = "Jennifer Wadsworth and Jon Tawn and Philip Jonathan",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1214/10-AOAS333",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "1558--1578",
journal = "Annals of Applied Statistics",
issn = "1932-6157",
publisher = "Institute of Mathematical Statistics",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Accounting for choice of measurement scale in extreme value modeling

AU - Wadsworth, Jennifer

AU - Tawn, Jon

AU - Jonathan, Philip

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We investigate the effect that the choice of measurement scale has upon inference and extrapolation in extreme value analysis. Separate analyses of variables from a single process on scales which are linked by a nonlinear transformation may lead to discrepant conclusions concerning the tail behavior of the process. We propose the use of a Box–Cox power transformation incorporated as part of the inference procedure to account parametrically for the uncertainty surrounding the scale of extrapolation. This has the additional feature of increasing the rate of convergence of the distribution tails to an extreme value form in certain cases and thus reducing bias in the model estimation. Inference without reparameterization is practicably infeasible, so we explore a reparameterization which exploits the asymptotic theory of normalizing constants required for nondegenerate limit distributions. Inference is carried out in a Bayesian setting, an advantage of this being the availability of posterior predictive return levels. The methodology is illustrated on both simulated data and significant wave height data from the North Sea.

AB - We investigate the effect that the choice of measurement scale has upon inference and extrapolation in extreme value analysis. Separate analyses of variables from a single process on scales which are linked by a nonlinear transformation may lead to discrepant conclusions concerning the tail behavior of the process. We propose the use of a Box–Cox power transformation incorporated as part of the inference procedure to account parametrically for the uncertainty surrounding the scale of extrapolation. This has the additional feature of increasing the rate of convergence of the distribution tails to an extreme value form in certain cases and thus reducing bias in the model estimation. Inference without reparameterization is practicably infeasible, so we explore a reparameterization which exploits the asymptotic theory of normalizing constants required for nondegenerate limit distributions. Inference is carried out in a Bayesian setting, an advantage of this being the availability of posterior predictive return levels. The methodology is illustrated on both simulated data and significant wave height data from the North Sea.

KW - Extreme value theory

KW - Box–Cox transformation

KW - reparameterization

KW - significant wave height

U2 - 10.1214/10-AOAS333

DO - 10.1214/10-AOAS333

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

SP - 1558

EP - 1578

JO - Annals of Applied Statistics

JF - Annals of Applied Statistics

SN - 1932-6157

IS - 3

ER -