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Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration

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Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration. / De Deyn, Gerlinde; Shiel, Robert S.; Ostle, Nick; McNamara, Niall; Oakley, Simon; Young, Iain ; Freeman, Christopher; Fenner, Nathalie; Quirk, Helen; Bardgett, Richard.

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 48, No. 3, 06.2011, p. 600-608.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

De Deyn, G, Shiel, RS, Ostle, N, McNamara, N, Oakley, S, Young, I, Freeman, C, Fenner, N, Quirk, H & Bardgett, R 2011, 'Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration', Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 600-608. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01925.x

APA

De Deyn, G., Shiel, R. S., Ostle, N., McNamara, N., Oakley, S., Young, I., Freeman, C., Fenner, N., Quirk, H., & Bardgett, R. (2011). Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48(3), 600-608. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01925.x

Vancouver

De Deyn G, Shiel RS, Ostle N, McNamara N, Oakley S, Young I et al. Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology. 2011 Jun;48(3):600-608. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01925.x

Author

De Deyn, Gerlinde ; Shiel, Robert S. ; Ostle, Nick ; McNamara, Niall ; Oakley, Simon ; Young, Iain ; Freeman, Christopher ; Fenner, Nathalie ; Quirk, Helen ; Bardgett, Richard. / Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration. In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 2011 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 600-608.

Bibtex

@article{2aada422a74f417ca7ca6a06ec921d5c,
title = "Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration",
abstract = "1. In Europe, grassland agriculture is one of the dominant land uses. A major aim of European agri-environment policy is the management of grassland for botanical diversity conservation and restoration, together with the delivery of ecosystem services including soil carbon (C) sequestration.2. To test whether management for biodiversity restoration has additional benefits for soil C sequestration, we investigated C and nitrogen (N) accumulation rates in soil and C and N pools in vegetation in a long-term field experiment (16 years) in which fertilizer application and plant seeding were manipulated. In addition, the abundance of the legume Trifolium pratense was manipulated for the last 2 years. To unravel the mechanisms underlying changes in soil C and N pools, we also tested for effects of diversity restoration management on soil structure, ecosystem respiration and soil enzyme activities.3. We show that the long-term biodiversity restoration practices increased soil C and N storage especially when these treatments were combined with the recent promotion of the legume Trifolium pratense, sequestering 317 g C and 35 g N m−2 year−1 in the most successful management treatment. These high rates of C and N accumulation were associated with reduced ecosystem respiration, increased soil organic matter content and improved soil structure. Cessation of fertilizer use, however, reduced the amount of C and N contained in vegetation.4. Synthesis and applications. Our findings show that long-term diversity restoration practices can yield significant benefits for soil C storage when they are combined with increased abundance of a single, sub-ordinate legume species. Moreover, we show that these management practices deliver additional ecosystem benefits such as N storage in soil and improved soil structure.",
keywords = "biodiversity, carbon sequestration , C:N ratio , ecosystem functioning , ecosystem respiration , global change , nitrogen sequestration , SOC , soil enzymes , soil structure",
author = "{De Deyn}, Gerlinde and Shiel, {Robert S.} and Nick Ostle and Niall McNamara and Simon Oakley and Iain Young and Christopher Freeman and Nathalie Fenner and Helen Quirk and Richard Bardgett",
year = "2011",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01925.x",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "600--608",
journal = "Journal of Applied Ecology",
issn = "0021-8901",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Additional carbon sequestration benefits of grassland diversity restoration

AU - De Deyn, Gerlinde

AU - Shiel, Robert S.

AU - Ostle, Nick

AU - McNamara, Niall

AU - Oakley, Simon

AU - Young, Iain

AU - Freeman, Christopher

AU - Fenner, Nathalie

AU - Quirk, Helen

AU - Bardgett, Richard

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - 1. In Europe, grassland agriculture is one of the dominant land uses. A major aim of European agri-environment policy is the management of grassland for botanical diversity conservation and restoration, together with the delivery of ecosystem services including soil carbon (C) sequestration.2. To test whether management for biodiversity restoration has additional benefits for soil C sequestration, we investigated C and nitrogen (N) accumulation rates in soil and C and N pools in vegetation in a long-term field experiment (16 years) in which fertilizer application and plant seeding were manipulated. In addition, the abundance of the legume Trifolium pratense was manipulated for the last 2 years. To unravel the mechanisms underlying changes in soil C and N pools, we also tested for effects of diversity restoration management on soil structure, ecosystem respiration and soil enzyme activities.3. We show that the long-term biodiversity restoration practices increased soil C and N storage especially when these treatments were combined with the recent promotion of the legume Trifolium pratense, sequestering 317 g C and 35 g N m−2 year−1 in the most successful management treatment. These high rates of C and N accumulation were associated with reduced ecosystem respiration, increased soil organic matter content and improved soil structure. Cessation of fertilizer use, however, reduced the amount of C and N contained in vegetation.4. Synthesis and applications. Our findings show that long-term diversity restoration practices can yield significant benefits for soil C storage when they are combined with increased abundance of a single, sub-ordinate legume species. Moreover, we show that these management practices deliver additional ecosystem benefits such as N storage in soil and improved soil structure.

AB - 1. In Europe, grassland agriculture is one of the dominant land uses. A major aim of European agri-environment policy is the management of grassland for botanical diversity conservation and restoration, together with the delivery of ecosystem services including soil carbon (C) sequestration.2. To test whether management for biodiversity restoration has additional benefits for soil C sequestration, we investigated C and nitrogen (N) accumulation rates in soil and C and N pools in vegetation in a long-term field experiment (16 years) in which fertilizer application and plant seeding were manipulated. In addition, the abundance of the legume Trifolium pratense was manipulated for the last 2 years. To unravel the mechanisms underlying changes in soil C and N pools, we also tested for effects of diversity restoration management on soil structure, ecosystem respiration and soil enzyme activities.3. We show that the long-term biodiversity restoration practices increased soil C and N storage especially when these treatments were combined with the recent promotion of the legume Trifolium pratense, sequestering 317 g C and 35 g N m−2 year−1 in the most successful management treatment. These high rates of C and N accumulation were associated with reduced ecosystem respiration, increased soil organic matter content and improved soil structure. Cessation of fertilizer use, however, reduced the amount of C and N contained in vegetation.4. Synthesis and applications. Our findings show that long-term diversity restoration practices can yield significant benefits for soil C storage when they are combined with increased abundance of a single, sub-ordinate legume species. Moreover, we show that these management practices deliver additional ecosystem benefits such as N storage in soil and improved soil structure.

KW - biodiversity

KW - carbon sequestration

KW - C:N ratio

KW - ecosystem functioning

KW - ecosystem respiration

KW - global change

KW - nitrogen sequestration

KW - SOC

KW - soil enzymes

KW - soil structure

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01925.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01925.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 48

SP - 600

EP - 608

JO - Journal of Applied Ecology

JF - Journal of Applied Ecology

SN - 0021-8901

IS - 3

ER -