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Advance directives in European long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional survey

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Advance directives in European long-term care facilities : A cross-sectional survey. / Andreasen, P.; Finne-Soveri, U.H.; Deliens, L.; Van Den Block, L.; Payne, S.; Gambassi, G.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.; Smets, T.; Lilja, E.; Kijowska, V.; Szczerbińska, K.

In: BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care, 21.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Andreasen, P, Finne-Soveri, UH, Deliens, L, Van Den Block, L, Payne, S, Gambassi, G, Onwuteaka-Philipsen, BD, Smets, T, Lilja, E, Kijowska, V & Szczerbińska, K 2019, 'Advance directives in European long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional survey', BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001743

APA

Andreasen, P., Finne-Soveri, U. H., Deliens, L., Van Den Block, L., Payne, S., Gambassi, G., ... Szczerbińska, K. (2019). Advance directives in European long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional survey. BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001743

Vancouver

Andreasen P, Finne-Soveri UH, Deliens L, Van Den Block L, Payne S, Gambassi G et al. Advance directives in European long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional survey. BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care. 2019 May 21. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001743

Author

Andreasen, P. ; Finne-Soveri, U.H. ; Deliens, L. ; Van Den Block, L. ; Payne, S. ; Gambassi, G. ; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D. ; Smets, T. ; Lilja, E. ; Kijowska, V. ; Szczerbińska, K. / Advance directives in European long-term care facilities : A cross-sectional survey. In: BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{1f064ceb1e0840af839d8b3437d39cd2,
title = "Advance directives in European long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional survey",
abstract = "Background: End-of-life care practices in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are the focus of growing attention in Europe, due to rapidly increasing number of older persons living in LTCFs. The knowledge about end-of-life discussions or existence of written advance directives in the European LTCFs is scarce. This study's aim is to investigate the prevalence of written advance directives and their sociodemographic associates, among recently deceased LTCF residents, in six European countries. Methods: Data from the European Union-funded PACE database were collected from 322 LTCFs in six European countries in 2014. The assessments were performed by using two questionnaires designed for LTCF administrative staff and for staff member. LTCFs were selected within each country by using proportional stratified random sampling procedure. Facilities with certain types and sizes were included from each country. Multilevel multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate associations between written advance directives and selected predictors. Results: In total, 32.5 {\%} of the 1384 deceased LTCF residents had a written advance directive with a range from 0{\%} to 77 {\%} between countries. The proportion of the most common advance directive, {\^a} € Do not resuscitate in case of cardiac or respiratory arrest (DNR)', varied correspondingly from 0{\%} to 75{\%}. LTCF type (OR 2.86 95{\%} CI 1.59 to 5.23) and capability of expressing at the time of admission (OR 3.26 95{\%} CI 2.26 to 4.71) were the independent predictors for advance directive. Residents living in LTCFs where physician was available were less likely to have advance directive compared with residents from LTCFs where physician was not available. Conclusion: Extensive differences for prevalence of written advance directive exist between countries among older LTCF residents in Europe. Timely and appropriate response to LTCF resident's health needs and preferences efforts advance care planning. {\circledC} Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.",
keywords = "advance directives, hospice and palliative care nursing, living wills, long-term care, palliative care",
author = "P. Andreasen and U.H. Finne-Soveri and L. Deliens and {Van Den Block}, L. and S. Payne and G. Gambassi and B.D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen and T. Smets and E. Lilja and V. Kijowska and K. Szczerbińska",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001743",
language = "English",
journal = "BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care",
issn = "2045-435X",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Advance directives in European long-term care facilities

T2 - A cross-sectional survey

AU - Andreasen, P.

AU - Finne-Soveri, U.H.

AU - Deliens, L.

AU - Van Den Block, L.

AU - Payne, S.

AU - Gambassi, G.

AU - Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.

AU - Smets, T.

AU - Lilja, E.

AU - Kijowska, V.

AU - Szczerbińska, K.

PY - 2019/5/21

Y1 - 2019/5/21

N2 - Background: End-of-life care practices in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are the focus of growing attention in Europe, due to rapidly increasing number of older persons living in LTCFs. The knowledge about end-of-life discussions or existence of written advance directives in the European LTCFs is scarce. This study's aim is to investigate the prevalence of written advance directives and their sociodemographic associates, among recently deceased LTCF residents, in six European countries. Methods: Data from the European Union-funded PACE database were collected from 322 LTCFs in six European countries in 2014. The assessments were performed by using two questionnaires designed for LTCF administrative staff and for staff member. LTCFs were selected within each country by using proportional stratified random sampling procedure. Facilities with certain types and sizes were included from each country. Multilevel multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate associations between written advance directives and selected predictors. Results: In total, 32.5 % of the 1384 deceased LTCF residents had a written advance directive with a range from 0% to 77 % between countries. The proportion of the most common advance directive, â € Do not resuscitate in case of cardiac or respiratory arrest (DNR)', varied correspondingly from 0% to 75%. LTCF type (OR 2.86 95% CI 1.59 to 5.23) and capability of expressing at the time of admission (OR 3.26 95% CI 2.26 to 4.71) were the independent predictors for advance directive. Residents living in LTCFs where physician was available were less likely to have advance directive compared with residents from LTCFs where physician was not available. Conclusion: Extensive differences for prevalence of written advance directive exist between countries among older LTCF residents in Europe. Timely and appropriate response to LTCF resident's health needs and preferences efforts advance care planning. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

AB - Background: End-of-life care practices in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are the focus of growing attention in Europe, due to rapidly increasing number of older persons living in LTCFs. The knowledge about end-of-life discussions or existence of written advance directives in the European LTCFs is scarce. This study's aim is to investigate the prevalence of written advance directives and their sociodemographic associates, among recently deceased LTCF residents, in six European countries. Methods: Data from the European Union-funded PACE database were collected from 322 LTCFs in six European countries in 2014. The assessments were performed by using two questionnaires designed for LTCF administrative staff and for staff member. LTCFs were selected within each country by using proportional stratified random sampling procedure. Facilities with certain types and sizes were included from each country. Multilevel multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate associations between written advance directives and selected predictors. Results: In total, 32.5 % of the 1384 deceased LTCF residents had a written advance directive with a range from 0% to 77 % between countries. The proportion of the most common advance directive, â € Do not resuscitate in case of cardiac or respiratory arrest (DNR)', varied correspondingly from 0% to 75%. LTCF type (OR 2.86 95% CI 1.59 to 5.23) and capability of expressing at the time of admission (OR 3.26 95% CI 2.26 to 4.71) were the independent predictors for advance directive. Residents living in LTCFs where physician was available were less likely to have advance directive compared with residents from LTCFs where physician was not available. Conclusion: Extensive differences for prevalence of written advance directive exist between countries among older LTCF residents in Europe. Timely and appropriate response to LTCF resident's health needs and preferences efforts advance care planning. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

KW - advance directives

KW - hospice and palliative care nursing

KW - living wills

KW - long-term care

KW - palliative care

U2 - 10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001743

DO - 10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001743

M3 - Journal article

JO - BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care

JF - BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care

SN - 2045-435X

ER -