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An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States

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An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States. / McGrath, Justin M.; Betzelberger, Amy M.; Wang, Shaowen; Shook, Eric; Zhu, Xin-Guang; Long, Stephen P.; Ainsworth, Elizabeth A.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 112, No. 46, 17.11.2015, p. 14390-14395.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

McGrath, JM, Betzelberger, AM, Wang, S, Shook, E, Zhu, X-G, Long, SP & Ainsworth, EA 2015, 'An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 112, no. 46, pp. 14390-14395. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1509777112

APA

McGrath, J. M., Betzelberger, A. M., Wang, S., Shook, E., Zhu, X-G., Long, S. P., & Ainsworth, E. A. (2015). An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(46), 14390-14395. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1509777112

Vancouver

McGrath JM, Betzelberger AM, Wang S, Shook E, Zhu X-G, Long SP et al. An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2015 Nov 17;112(46):14390-14395. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1509777112

Author

McGrath, Justin M. ; Betzelberger, Amy M. ; Wang, Shaowen ; Shook, Eric ; Zhu, Xin-Guang ; Long, Stephen P. ; Ainsworth, Elizabeth A. / An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2015 ; Vol. 112, No. 46. pp. 14390-14395.

Bibtex

@article{0532c69a0f0c4946854d2ba750c084b0,
title = "An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States",
abstract = "Numerous controlled experiments find that elevated ground-level ozone concentrations ([O-3]) damage crops and reduce yield. There have been no estimates of the actual yield losses in the field in the United States from [O-3], even though such estimates would be valuable for projections of future food production and for cost-benefit analyses of reducing ground-level [O-3]. Regression analysis of historical yield, climate, and [O-3] data for the United States were used to determine the loss of production due to O-3 formaize (Zeamays) and soybean (Glycine max) from 1980 to 2011, showing that over that period production of rain-fed fields of soybean and maize were reduced by roughly 5% and 10%, respectively, costing approximately $9 billion annually. Maize, thought to be inherently resistant to O-3, was at least as sensitive as soybean to O-3 damage. Overcoming this yield loss with improved emission controls or more tolerant germplasm could substantially increase world food and feed supply at a time when a global yield jump is urgently needed.",
keywords = "ozone, soybean, maize, air pollution, agriculture, TROPOSPHERIC OZONE, CLIMATE-CHANGE, ATMOSPHERIC CO2, AIR-POLLUTION, CROP YIELDS, CULTIVARS, PLANT, O-3, PHOTOSYNTHESIS, AGRICULTURE",
author = "McGrath, {Justin M.} and Betzelberger, {Amy M.} and Shaowen Wang and Eric Shook and Xin-Guang Zhu and Long, {Stephen P.} and Ainsworth, {Elizabeth A.}",
year = "2015",
month = nov
day = "17",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1509777112",
language = "English",
volume = "112",
pages = "14390--14395",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "National Academy of Sciences",
number = "46",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States

AU - McGrath, Justin M.

AU - Betzelberger, Amy M.

AU - Wang, Shaowen

AU - Shook, Eric

AU - Zhu, Xin-Guang

AU - Long, Stephen P.

AU - Ainsworth, Elizabeth A.

PY - 2015/11/17

Y1 - 2015/11/17

N2 - Numerous controlled experiments find that elevated ground-level ozone concentrations ([O-3]) damage crops and reduce yield. There have been no estimates of the actual yield losses in the field in the United States from [O-3], even though such estimates would be valuable for projections of future food production and for cost-benefit analyses of reducing ground-level [O-3]. Regression analysis of historical yield, climate, and [O-3] data for the United States were used to determine the loss of production due to O-3 formaize (Zeamays) and soybean (Glycine max) from 1980 to 2011, showing that over that period production of rain-fed fields of soybean and maize were reduced by roughly 5% and 10%, respectively, costing approximately $9 billion annually. Maize, thought to be inherently resistant to O-3, was at least as sensitive as soybean to O-3 damage. Overcoming this yield loss with improved emission controls or more tolerant germplasm could substantially increase world food and feed supply at a time when a global yield jump is urgently needed.

AB - Numerous controlled experiments find that elevated ground-level ozone concentrations ([O-3]) damage crops and reduce yield. There have been no estimates of the actual yield losses in the field in the United States from [O-3], even though such estimates would be valuable for projections of future food production and for cost-benefit analyses of reducing ground-level [O-3]. Regression analysis of historical yield, climate, and [O-3] data for the United States were used to determine the loss of production due to O-3 formaize (Zeamays) and soybean (Glycine max) from 1980 to 2011, showing that over that period production of rain-fed fields of soybean and maize were reduced by roughly 5% and 10%, respectively, costing approximately $9 billion annually. Maize, thought to be inherently resistant to O-3, was at least as sensitive as soybean to O-3 damage. Overcoming this yield loss with improved emission controls or more tolerant germplasm could substantially increase world food and feed supply at a time when a global yield jump is urgently needed.

KW - ozone

KW - soybean

KW - maize

KW - air pollution

KW - agriculture

KW - TROPOSPHERIC OZONE

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - ATMOSPHERIC CO2

KW - AIR-POLLUTION

KW - CROP YIELDS

KW - CULTIVARS

KW - PLANT

KW - O-3

KW - PHOTOSYNTHESIS

KW - AGRICULTURE

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1509777112

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1509777112

M3 - Journal article

VL - 112

SP - 14390

EP - 14395

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 46

ER -