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An Ontology driven collaborative development for biomedical terminologies: from the French CCAM to the Australian ICHI coding system

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  • Jean M. Rodrigues
  • Alan Rector
  • Pieter Zanstra
  • Robert Baud
  • Kerry Innes
  • Jeremy Rogers
  • Anne M. Rassinoux
  • Stefan Schulz
  • Beatrice Trombert Paviot
  • Huib ten Napel
  • Lucienne Clavel
  • Egbert van der Haring
  • Ceu Caixeiro Mateus
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Abstract

The CCAM French coding system of clinical procedures was developed between 1994 and 2004 using, in parallel, a traditional domain expert's consensus method on one hand, and advanced methodologies of ontology driven semantic representation and multilingual generation on the other hand. These advanced methodologies were applied under the framework of an European Union collaborative research project named GALEN and produced a new generation of biomedical terminology. Following the interest in several countries and in WHO, the GALEN network has tested the application of the ontology driven tools to the existing reduced Australian ICHI coding system for interventions presently under investigation by WHO to check its ability and appropriateness to become the reference international coding system for procedures. The initial results are presented and discussed in terms of feasibility and quality assurance for sharing and maintaining consistent medical knowledge and allowing diversity in linguistic expressiveness of end users.