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An unexpected role for mixotrophs in the response of peatland carbon cycling to climate warming

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  • Vincent E. J. Jassey
  • Constant Signarbieux
  • Stephan Haettenschwiler
  • Luca Bragazza
  • Alexandre Buttler
  • Frederic Delarue
  • Bertrand Fournier
  • Daniel Gilbert
  • Fatima Laggoun-Defarge
  • Enrique Lara
  • Robert T. E. Mills
  • Edward A. D. Mitchell
  • Richard J. Payne
  • Bjorn J. M. Robroek
Article number16931
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>25/11/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Scientific Reports
Number of pages10
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Mixotrophic protists are increasingly recognized for their significant contribution to carbon (C) cycling. As phototrophs they contribute to photosynthetic C fixation, whilst as predators of decomposers, they indirectly influence organic matter decomposition. Despite these direct and indirect effects on the C cycle, little is known about the responses of peatland mixotrophs to climate change and the potential consequences for the peatland C cycle. With a combination of field and microcosm experiments, we show that mixotrophs in the Sphagnum bryosphere play an important role in modulating peatland C cycle responses to experimental warming. We found that five years of consecutive summer warming with peaks of +2 to +8 degrees C led to a 50% reduction in the biomass of the dominant mixotrophs, the mixotrophic testate amoebae (MTA). The biomass of other microbial groups (including decomposers) did not change, suggesting MTA to be particularly sensitive to temperature. In a microcosm experiment under controlled conditions, we then manipulated the abundance of MTA, and showed that the reported 50% reduction of MTA biomass in the field was linked to a significant reduction of net C uptake (-13%) of the entire Sphagnum bryosphere. Our findings suggest that reduced abundance of MTA with climate warming could lead to reduced peatland C fixation.