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Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation

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Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation. / Barlow, Bernard Josiah; Lennox, Gareth Daniel; Ferreira, Joice; De Berenguer Cesar, Erika; Lees, Alexander C.; Mac Nally, Ralph; Thomson, James R.; de Barros Ferraz, Silvio Frosini; Louzada, Julio Neil; Fonseca Oliveira, Victor Hugo; Parry, Luke Thomas Wyn; de Castro Solar, Ricardo Ribeiro ; Guimaraes Vieira, Ima Celia; Aragao, Luiz E. O. C.; Begotti, Rodrigo Anzolin; Braga, Rodrigo Fagundes; Cardoso, Thiago Moreira; de Oliveira Junior, Raimundo Cosme; Souza, Carlos; de Moura, Nargila G.; Serra Nunes, Samia; Siqueira, Joao Victor; Pardini, Renata; Silveira, Juliana; Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Zagury.

In: Nature, Vol. 535, No. 7610, 07.07.2016, p. 144-147.

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Harvard

Barlow, BJ, Lennox, GD, Ferreira, J, De Berenguer Cesar, E, Lees, AC, Mac Nally, R, Thomson, JR, de Barros Ferraz, SF, Louzada, JN, Fonseca Oliveira, VH, Parry, LTW, de Castro Solar, RR, Guimaraes Vieira, IC, Aragao, LEOC, Begotti, RA, Braga, RF, Cardoso, TM, de Oliveira Junior, RC, Souza, C, de Moura, NG, Serra Nunes, S, Siqueira, JV, Pardini, R, Silveira, J & Vaz-de-Mello, FZ 2016, 'Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation', Nature, vol. 535, no. 7610, pp. 144-147. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18326

APA

Barlow, B. J., Lennox, G. D., Ferreira, J., De Berenguer Cesar, E., Lees, A. C., Mac Nally, R., Thomson, J. R., de Barros Ferraz, S. F., Louzada, J. N., Fonseca Oliveira, V. H., Parry, L. T. W., de Castro Solar, R. R., Guimaraes Vieira, I. C., Aragao, L. E. O. C., Begotti, R. A., Braga, R. F., Cardoso, T. M., de Oliveira Junior, R. C., Souza, C., ... Vaz-de-Mello, F. Z. (2016). Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation. Nature, 535(7610), 144-147. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18326

Vancouver

Author

Barlow, Bernard Josiah ; Lennox, Gareth Daniel ; Ferreira, Joice ; De Berenguer Cesar, Erika ; Lees, Alexander C. ; Mac Nally, Ralph ; Thomson, James R. ; de Barros Ferraz, Silvio Frosini ; Louzada, Julio Neil ; Fonseca Oliveira, Victor Hugo ; Parry, Luke Thomas Wyn ; de Castro Solar, Ricardo Ribeiro ; Guimaraes Vieira, Ima Celia ; Aragao, Luiz E. O. C. ; Begotti, Rodrigo Anzolin ; Braga, Rodrigo Fagundes ; Cardoso, Thiago Moreira ; de Oliveira Junior, Raimundo Cosme ; Souza, Carlos ; de Moura, Nargila G. ; Serra Nunes, Samia ; Siqueira, Joao Victor ; Pardini, Renata ; Silveira, Juliana ; Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Zagury. / Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation. In: Nature. 2016 ; Vol. 535, No. 7610. pp. 144-147.

Bibtex

@article{c481c12bee944df58d51eebe5f150720,
title = "Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation",
abstract = "Concerted political attention has focused on reducing deforestation1,2,3, and this remains the cornerstone of most biodiversity conservation strategies4,5,6. However, maintaining forest cover may not reduce anthropogenic forest disturbances, which are rarely considered in conservation programmes6. These disturbances occur both within forests, including selective logging and wildfires7,8, and at the landscape level, through edge, area and isolation effects9. Until now, the combined effect of anthropogenic disturbance on the conservation value of remnant primary forests has remained unknown, making it impossible to assess the relative importance of forest disturbance and forest loss. Here we address these knowledge gaps using a large data set of plants, birds and dung beetles (1,538, 460 and 156 species, respectively) sampled in 36 catchments in the Brazilian state of Par{\'a}. Catchments retaining more than 69–80% forest cover lost more conservation value from disturbance than from forest loss. For example, a 20% loss of primary forest, the maximum level of deforestation allowed on Amazonian properties under Brazil{\textquoteright}s Forest Code5, resulted in a 39–54% loss of conservation value: 96–171% more than expected without considering disturbance effects. We extrapolated the disturbance-mediated loss of conservation value throughout Par{\'a}, which covers 25% of the Brazilian Amazon. Although disturbed forests retained considerable conservation value compared with deforested areas, the toll of disturbance outside Par{\'a}{\textquoteright}s strictly protected areas is equivalent to the loss of 92,000–139,000 km2 of primary forest. Even this lowest estimate is greater than the area deforested across the entire Brazilian Amazon between 2006 and 2015 (ref. 10). Species distribution models showed that both landscape and within-forest disturbances contributed to biodiversity loss, with the greatest negative effects on species of high conservation and functional value. These results demonstrate an urgent need for policy interventions that go beyond the maintenance of forest cover to safeguard the hyper-diversity of tropical forest ecosystems.",
author = "Barlow, {Bernard Josiah} and Lennox, {Gareth Daniel} and Joice Ferreira and {De Berenguer Cesar}, Erika and Lees, {Alexander C.} and {Mac Nally}, Ralph and Thomson, {James R.} and {de Barros Ferraz}, {Silvio Frosini} and Louzada, {Julio Neil} and {Fonseca Oliveira}, {Victor Hugo} and Parry, {Luke Thomas Wyn} and {de Castro Solar}, {Ricardo Ribeiro} and {Guimaraes Vieira}, {Ima Celia} and Aragao, {Luiz E. O. C.} and Begotti, {Rodrigo Anzolin} and Braga, {Rodrigo Fagundes} and Cardoso, {Thiago Moreira} and {de Oliveira Junior}, {Raimundo Cosme} and Carlos Souza and {de Moura}, {Nargila G.} and {Serra Nunes}, Samia and Siqueira, {Joao Victor} and Renata Pardini and Juliana Silveira and Vaz-de-Mello, {Fernando Zagury}",
year = "2016",
month = jul,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1038/nature18326",
language = "English",
volume = "535",
pages = "144--147",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7610",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation

AU - Barlow, Bernard Josiah

AU - Lennox, Gareth Daniel

AU - Ferreira, Joice

AU - De Berenguer Cesar, Erika

AU - Lees, Alexander C.

AU - Mac Nally, Ralph

AU - Thomson, James R.

AU - de Barros Ferraz, Silvio Frosini

AU - Louzada, Julio Neil

AU - Fonseca Oliveira, Victor Hugo

AU - Parry, Luke Thomas Wyn

AU - de Castro Solar, Ricardo Ribeiro

AU - Guimaraes Vieira, Ima Celia

AU - Aragao, Luiz E. O. C.

AU - Begotti, Rodrigo Anzolin

AU - Braga, Rodrigo Fagundes

AU - Cardoso, Thiago Moreira

AU - de Oliveira Junior, Raimundo Cosme

AU - Souza, Carlos

AU - de Moura, Nargila G.

AU - Serra Nunes, Samia

AU - Siqueira, Joao Victor

AU - Pardini, Renata

AU - Silveira, Juliana

AU - Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Zagury

PY - 2016/7/7

Y1 - 2016/7/7

N2 - Concerted political attention has focused on reducing deforestation1,2,3, and this remains the cornerstone of most biodiversity conservation strategies4,5,6. However, maintaining forest cover may not reduce anthropogenic forest disturbances, which are rarely considered in conservation programmes6. These disturbances occur both within forests, including selective logging and wildfires7,8, and at the landscape level, through edge, area and isolation effects9. Until now, the combined effect of anthropogenic disturbance on the conservation value of remnant primary forests has remained unknown, making it impossible to assess the relative importance of forest disturbance and forest loss. Here we address these knowledge gaps using a large data set of plants, birds and dung beetles (1,538, 460 and 156 species, respectively) sampled in 36 catchments in the Brazilian state of Pará. Catchments retaining more than 69–80% forest cover lost more conservation value from disturbance than from forest loss. For example, a 20% loss of primary forest, the maximum level of deforestation allowed on Amazonian properties under Brazil’s Forest Code5, resulted in a 39–54% loss of conservation value: 96–171% more than expected without considering disturbance effects. We extrapolated the disturbance-mediated loss of conservation value throughout Pará, which covers 25% of the Brazilian Amazon. Although disturbed forests retained considerable conservation value compared with deforested areas, the toll of disturbance outside Pará’s strictly protected areas is equivalent to the loss of 92,000–139,000 km2 of primary forest. Even this lowest estimate is greater than the area deforested across the entire Brazilian Amazon between 2006 and 2015 (ref. 10). Species distribution models showed that both landscape and within-forest disturbances contributed to biodiversity loss, with the greatest negative effects on species of high conservation and functional value. These results demonstrate an urgent need for policy interventions that go beyond the maintenance of forest cover to safeguard the hyper-diversity of tropical forest ecosystems.

AB - Concerted political attention has focused on reducing deforestation1,2,3, and this remains the cornerstone of most biodiversity conservation strategies4,5,6. However, maintaining forest cover may not reduce anthropogenic forest disturbances, which are rarely considered in conservation programmes6. These disturbances occur both within forests, including selective logging and wildfires7,8, and at the landscape level, through edge, area and isolation effects9. Until now, the combined effect of anthropogenic disturbance on the conservation value of remnant primary forests has remained unknown, making it impossible to assess the relative importance of forest disturbance and forest loss. Here we address these knowledge gaps using a large data set of plants, birds and dung beetles (1,538, 460 and 156 species, respectively) sampled in 36 catchments in the Brazilian state of Pará. Catchments retaining more than 69–80% forest cover lost more conservation value from disturbance than from forest loss. For example, a 20% loss of primary forest, the maximum level of deforestation allowed on Amazonian properties under Brazil’s Forest Code5, resulted in a 39–54% loss of conservation value: 96–171% more than expected without considering disturbance effects. We extrapolated the disturbance-mediated loss of conservation value throughout Pará, which covers 25% of the Brazilian Amazon. Although disturbed forests retained considerable conservation value compared with deforested areas, the toll of disturbance outside Pará’s strictly protected areas is equivalent to the loss of 92,000–139,000 km2 of primary forest. Even this lowest estimate is greater than the area deforested across the entire Brazilian Amazon between 2006 and 2015 (ref. 10). Species distribution models showed that both landscape and within-forest disturbances contributed to biodiversity loss, with the greatest negative effects on species of high conservation and functional value. These results demonstrate an urgent need for policy interventions that go beyond the maintenance of forest cover to safeguard the hyper-diversity of tropical forest ecosystems.

U2 - 10.1038/nature18326

DO - 10.1038/nature18326

M3 - Letter

VL - 535

SP - 144

EP - 147

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7610

ER -