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Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history: an ecological perspective

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Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history : an ecological perspective. / Bush, Mark B.; McMichael, Crystal H.; Piperno, Dolores R.; Silman, Miles R.; Barlow, Jos; Peres, Carlos A.; Power, Mitchell; Palace, Michael W.

In: Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 42, No. 12, 12.2015, p. 2277-2288.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Bush, MB, McMichael, CH, Piperno, DR, Silman, MR, Barlow, J, Peres, CA, Power, M & Palace, MW 2015, 'Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history: an ecological perspective', Journal of Biogeography, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 2277-2288. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12638

APA

Bush, M. B., McMichael, C. H., Piperno, D. R., Silman, M. R., Barlow, J., Peres, C. A., Power, M., & Palace, M. W. (2015). Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history: an ecological perspective. Journal of Biogeography, 42(12), 2277-2288. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12638

Vancouver

Bush MB, McMichael CH, Piperno DR, Silman MR, Barlow J, Peres CA et al. Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history: an ecological perspective. Journal of Biogeography. 2015 Dec;42(12):2277-2288. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12638

Author

Bush, Mark B. ; McMichael, Crystal H. ; Piperno, Dolores R. ; Silman, Miles R. ; Barlow, Jos ; Peres, Carlos A. ; Power, Mitchell ; Palace, Michael W. / Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history : an ecological perspective. In: Journal of Biogeography. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 12. pp. 2277-2288.

Bibtex

@article{ec25850dfbf5438aa8fee076e28fd429,
title = "Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history: an ecological perspective",
abstract = "An important debate has been re-invigorated by new data concerning the size and environmental impacts of human populations in the Amazon Basin during pre-history. Here, we review the history of debates concerning pre-historic human occupation of the Amazon Basin along with the presentation of empirical data from archaeological and palaeoecological research. The combined evidence suggests that human occupation and resulting influence on Amazonian ecosystems were heterogeneous on both regional and local scales. Pre-historic occupation sites are more likely to have been located in forests with a pronounced dry season or in forests that are within 15 km of a river floodplain, rather than in ever-wet forests or in interfluvial regions far removed from large rivers. Forest enrichment of preferred species and game depletion through hunting are most probable within 15 km of an occupation site. Given the spatial and temporal patterning of these data, views of significant Amazonian-wide cultural impacts on riverine and interfluvial forest are not supported at this time.",
keywords = "Amazonia, archaeology, charcoal, diversity, fire, historical ecology, manufactured landscape, palaeoecology, phytoliths, terra preta, PRE-COLUMBIAN AMAZONIA, SOUTH-WESTERN AMAZONIA, BOLIVIAN AMAZON, CLIMATE-CHANGE, TROPICAL FORESTS, LAND-USE, EARTHWORK CONSTRUCTION, BERTHOLLETIA-EXCELSA, HOLOCENE CLIMATE, HUMAN OCCUPATION",
author = "Bush, {Mark B.} and McMichael, {Crystal H.} and Piperno, {Dolores R.} and Silman, {Miles R.} and Jos Barlow and Peres, {Carlos A.} and Mitchell Power and Palace, {Michael W.}",
year = "2015",
month = dec
doi = "10.1111/jbi.12638",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "2277--2288",
journal = "Journal of Biogeography",
issn = "0305-0270",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history

T2 - an ecological perspective

AU - Bush, Mark B.

AU - McMichael, Crystal H.

AU - Piperno, Dolores R.

AU - Silman, Miles R.

AU - Barlow, Jos

AU - Peres, Carlos A.

AU - Power, Mitchell

AU - Palace, Michael W.

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - An important debate has been re-invigorated by new data concerning the size and environmental impacts of human populations in the Amazon Basin during pre-history. Here, we review the history of debates concerning pre-historic human occupation of the Amazon Basin along with the presentation of empirical data from archaeological and palaeoecological research. The combined evidence suggests that human occupation and resulting influence on Amazonian ecosystems were heterogeneous on both regional and local scales. Pre-historic occupation sites are more likely to have been located in forests with a pronounced dry season or in forests that are within 15 km of a river floodplain, rather than in ever-wet forests or in interfluvial regions far removed from large rivers. Forest enrichment of preferred species and game depletion through hunting are most probable within 15 km of an occupation site. Given the spatial and temporal patterning of these data, views of significant Amazonian-wide cultural impacts on riverine and interfluvial forest are not supported at this time.

AB - An important debate has been re-invigorated by new data concerning the size and environmental impacts of human populations in the Amazon Basin during pre-history. Here, we review the history of debates concerning pre-historic human occupation of the Amazon Basin along with the presentation of empirical data from archaeological and palaeoecological research. The combined evidence suggests that human occupation and resulting influence on Amazonian ecosystems were heterogeneous on both regional and local scales. Pre-historic occupation sites are more likely to have been located in forests with a pronounced dry season or in forests that are within 15 km of a river floodplain, rather than in ever-wet forests or in interfluvial regions far removed from large rivers. Forest enrichment of preferred species and game depletion through hunting are most probable within 15 km of an occupation site. Given the spatial and temporal patterning of these data, views of significant Amazonian-wide cultural impacts on riverine and interfluvial forest are not supported at this time.

KW - Amazonia

KW - archaeology

KW - charcoal

KW - diversity

KW - fire

KW - historical ecology

KW - manufactured landscape

KW - palaeoecology

KW - phytoliths

KW - terra preta

KW - PRE-COLUMBIAN AMAZONIA

KW - SOUTH-WESTERN AMAZONIA

KW - BOLIVIAN AMAZON

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - TROPICAL FORESTS

KW - LAND-USE

KW - EARTHWORK CONSTRUCTION

KW - BERTHOLLETIA-EXCELSA

KW - HOLOCENE CLIMATE

KW - HUMAN OCCUPATION

U2 - 10.1111/jbi.12638

DO - 10.1111/jbi.12638

M3 - Journal article

VL - 42

SP - 2277

EP - 2288

JO - Journal of Biogeography

JF - Journal of Biogeography

SN - 0305-0270

IS - 12

ER -