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Application of a magnetic extraction technique to assess radionuclide-mineral association in Cumbrian shoreline sediments.

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Application of a magnetic extraction technique to assess radionuclide-mineral association in Cumbrian shoreline sediments. / McCubbin, David; Leonard, Kinson S.; Young, Alan K.; Maher, Barbara A.; Bennett, Stephen.

In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2004, p. 111-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

McCubbin, D, Leonard, KS, Young, AK, Maher, BA & Bennett, S 2004, 'Application of a magnetic extraction technique to assess radionuclide-mineral association in Cumbrian shoreline sediments.', Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 111-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.02.006

APA

McCubbin, D., Leonard, K. S., Young, A. K., Maher, B. A., & Bennett, S. (2004). Application of a magnetic extraction technique to assess radionuclide-mineral association in Cumbrian shoreline sediments. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 77(2), 111-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.02.006

Vancouver

Author

McCubbin, David ; Leonard, Kinson S. ; Young, Alan K. ; Maher, Barbara A. ; Bennett, Stephen. / Application of a magnetic extraction technique to assess radionuclide-mineral association in Cumbrian shoreline sediments. In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2004 ; Vol. 77, No. 2. pp. 111-131.

Bibtex

@article{1cabda3627ac4a13ad6f941325045898,
title = "Application of a magnetic extraction technique to assess radionuclide-mineral association in Cumbrian shoreline sediments.",
abstract = "An assessment has been made of the association of 239+240Pu, 241Am and 210Po (in secular equilibrium with 210Pb) with iron minerals using a magnetic extraction technique. Grab samples of beach sand from the Cumbrian (UK) coastline were subjected to successive extractions with a ˜0.1 T ferrite magnet and a ˜0.3 T rare-earth magnet procedure to separate magnetic iron oxide minerals. Radionuclide concentrations in the magnetic extracts were enhanced (by ˜4–6-fold) relative to the residue. Those in the ˜0.1 T magnet extracts were broadly similar to those in the antiferromagnetic material extracted by the ˜0.3 T magnet, despite the very large differences in magnetic property values between the two fractions (one to two orders of magnitude). The percentage of magnetic material in terms of mass was small and therefore, the majority of these radionuclides (on average 88%) were associated with the residue. Removal of stable Fe was incomplete. Given that the radionuclides may also bind to paramagnetic (nonmagnetic) Fe minerals, the data were extrapolated by normalising the results to quantitative Fe removal. This yielded average values of 37%, 45% and 46% for 239+240Pu, 241Am and 210Po(210Pb), respectively, as upper limits for the fraction associated with magnetic+nonmagnetic Fe minerals. There are significant uncertainties inherent in quantifying data from this extraction technique. Nevertheless, it seems reasonable to conclude that radionuclide association with Fe minerals is unlikely to have a significant impact upon the physical dispersion of sediment contaminated by Sellafield discharges in the Irish Sea. However, it may be an important factor in governing Pu redox and redissolution behaviour.",
keywords = "Plutonium, Americium, Iron, Magnetic extraction, Irish Sea, Sediment",
author = "David McCubbin and Leonard, {Kinson S.} and Young, {Alan K.} and Maher, {Barbara A.} and Stephen Bennett",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.02.006",
language = "English",
volume = "77",
pages = "111--131",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Radioactivity",
issn = "0265-931X",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of a magnetic extraction technique to assess radionuclide-mineral association in Cumbrian shoreline sediments.

AU - McCubbin, David

AU - Leonard, Kinson S.

AU - Young, Alan K.

AU - Maher, Barbara A.

AU - Bennett, Stephen

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - An assessment has been made of the association of 239+240Pu, 241Am and 210Po (in secular equilibrium with 210Pb) with iron minerals using a magnetic extraction technique. Grab samples of beach sand from the Cumbrian (UK) coastline were subjected to successive extractions with a ˜0.1 T ferrite magnet and a ˜0.3 T rare-earth magnet procedure to separate magnetic iron oxide minerals. Radionuclide concentrations in the magnetic extracts were enhanced (by ˜4–6-fold) relative to the residue. Those in the ˜0.1 T magnet extracts were broadly similar to those in the antiferromagnetic material extracted by the ˜0.3 T magnet, despite the very large differences in magnetic property values between the two fractions (one to two orders of magnitude). The percentage of magnetic material in terms of mass was small and therefore, the majority of these radionuclides (on average 88%) were associated with the residue. Removal of stable Fe was incomplete. Given that the radionuclides may also bind to paramagnetic (nonmagnetic) Fe minerals, the data were extrapolated by normalising the results to quantitative Fe removal. This yielded average values of 37%, 45% and 46% for 239+240Pu, 241Am and 210Po(210Pb), respectively, as upper limits for the fraction associated with magnetic+nonmagnetic Fe minerals. There are significant uncertainties inherent in quantifying data from this extraction technique. Nevertheless, it seems reasonable to conclude that radionuclide association with Fe minerals is unlikely to have a significant impact upon the physical dispersion of sediment contaminated by Sellafield discharges in the Irish Sea. However, it may be an important factor in governing Pu redox and redissolution behaviour.

AB - An assessment has been made of the association of 239+240Pu, 241Am and 210Po (in secular equilibrium with 210Pb) with iron minerals using a magnetic extraction technique. Grab samples of beach sand from the Cumbrian (UK) coastline were subjected to successive extractions with a ˜0.1 T ferrite magnet and a ˜0.3 T rare-earth magnet procedure to separate magnetic iron oxide minerals. Radionuclide concentrations in the magnetic extracts were enhanced (by ˜4–6-fold) relative to the residue. Those in the ˜0.1 T magnet extracts were broadly similar to those in the antiferromagnetic material extracted by the ˜0.3 T magnet, despite the very large differences in magnetic property values between the two fractions (one to two orders of magnitude). The percentage of magnetic material in terms of mass was small and therefore, the majority of these radionuclides (on average 88%) were associated with the residue. Removal of stable Fe was incomplete. Given that the radionuclides may also bind to paramagnetic (nonmagnetic) Fe minerals, the data were extrapolated by normalising the results to quantitative Fe removal. This yielded average values of 37%, 45% and 46% for 239+240Pu, 241Am and 210Po(210Pb), respectively, as upper limits for the fraction associated with magnetic+nonmagnetic Fe minerals. There are significant uncertainties inherent in quantifying data from this extraction technique. Nevertheless, it seems reasonable to conclude that radionuclide association with Fe minerals is unlikely to have a significant impact upon the physical dispersion of sediment contaminated by Sellafield discharges in the Irish Sea. However, it may be an important factor in governing Pu redox and redissolution behaviour.

KW - Plutonium

KW - Americium

KW - Iron

KW - Magnetic extraction

KW - Irish Sea

KW - Sediment

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.02.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.02.006

M3 - Journal article

VL - 77

SP - 111

EP - 131

JO - Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

JF - Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

SN - 0265-931X

IS - 2

ER -