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Applying equity theory to staff working with individuals with intellectual disabilities

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2009
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability
Issue number1
Volume34
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)55-66
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background This paper provides an overview of the empirical research on equity theory amongst staff working in services for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). Method Relevant articles were identified by using the PsycINFO computerised database and by conducting manual searches of reference lists. Results Six studies were identified and reviewed. Staff often report that they feel under-benefited in their work-based relationships. Associations were found between staff equity perceptions and staff outcomes such as burnout, absenteeism and intention to leave. Conclusion Previous research findings on staff outcomes are discussed within the context of equity theory. The implications of staff equity perceptions for ID services are discussed and possible directions for future research are forwarded. It is suggested that equity theory may have some utility as a theoretical starting point from which to develop a comprehensive theory to integrate various strands of research on staffing.