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Are children's memory illusions created differently from those of adults? Evidence from levels-of-processing and divided attention paradigms

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Are children's memory illusions created differently from those of adults? Evidence from levels-of-processing and divided attention paradigms. / Wimmer, Marina C.; Howe, Mark L.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 107, No. 1, 09.2010, p. 31-49.

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@article{1c83c80ec88246aab6d28cd5d81be27f,
title = "Are children's memory illusions created differently from those of adults? Evidence from levels-of-processing and divided attention paradigms",
abstract = "In two experiments, we investigated the robustness and automaticity of adults' and children's generation of false memories by using a levels-of-processing paradigm (Experiment 1) and a divided attention paradigm (Experiment 2). The first experiment revealed that when information was encoded at a shallow level, true recognition rates decreased for all ages. For false recognition, when information was encoded on a shallow level, we found a different pattern for young children compared with that for older children and adults. False recognition rates were related to the overall amount of correctly remembered information for 7-year-olds, whereas no such association was found for the other age groups. In the second experiment, divided attention decreased true recognition for all ages. In contrast, children's (7- and 11-year-olds) false recognition rates were again dependent on the overall amount of correctly remembered information, whereas adults' false recognition was left unaffected. Overall, children's false recognition rates changed when levels of processing or divided attention was manipulated in comparison with adults. Together, these results suggest that there may be both quantitative and qualitative changes in false memory rates with age. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "False memories, Memory development, Automaticity, Levels of processing, Divided attention, DRM paradigm, FALSE MEMORIES, ILLUSORY MEMORIES, REMEMBERING WORDS, ACTIVATION THEORY, RECOGNITION, RECALL, DRM, LISTS, INHIBITION, ACCURATE",
author = "Wimmer, {Marina C.} and Howe, {Mark L.}",
year = "2010",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.jecp.2010.03.003",
language = "English",
volume = "107",
pages = "31--49",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Child Psychology",
issn = "0022-0965",
publisher = "ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are children's memory illusions created differently from those of adults? Evidence from levels-of-processing and divided attention paradigms

AU - Wimmer, Marina C.

AU - Howe, Mark L.

PY - 2010/9

Y1 - 2010/9

N2 - In two experiments, we investigated the robustness and automaticity of adults' and children's generation of false memories by using a levels-of-processing paradigm (Experiment 1) and a divided attention paradigm (Experiment 2). The first experiment revealed that when information was encoded at a shallow level, true recognition rates decreased for all ages. For false recognition, when information was encoded on a shallow level, we found a different pattern for young children compared with that for older children and adults. False recognition rates were related to the overall amount of correctly remembered information for 7-year-olds, whereas no such association was found for the other age groups. In the second experiment, divided attention decreased true recognition for all ages. In contrast, children's (7- and 11-year-olds) false recognition rates were again dependent on the overall amount of correctly remembered information, whereas adults' false recognition was left unaffected. Overall, children's false recognition rates changed when levels of processing or divided attention was manipulated in comparison with adults. Together, these results suggest that there may be both quantitative and qualitative changes in false memory rates with age. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

AB - In two experiments, we investigated the robustness and automaticity of adults' and children's generation of false memories by using a levels-of-processing paradigm (Experiment 1) and a divided attention paradigm (Experiment 2). The first experiment revealed that when information was encoded at a shallow level, true recognition rates decreased for all ages. For false recognition, when information was encoded on a shallow level, we found a different pattern for young children compared with that for older children and adults. False recognition rates were related to the overall amount of correctly remembered information for 7-year-olds, whereas no such association was found for the other age groups. In the second experiment, divided attention decreased true recognition for all ages. In contrast, children's (7- and 11-year-olds) false recognition rates were again dependent on the overall amount of correctly remembered information, whereas adults' false recognition was left unaffected. Overall, children's false recognition rates changed when levels of processing or divided attention was manipulated in comparison with adults. Together, these results suggest that there may be both quantitative and qualitative changes in false memory rates with age. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KW - False memories

KW - Memory development

KW - Automaticity

KW - Levels of processing

KW - Divided attention

KW - DRM paradigm

KW - FALSE MEMORIES

KW - ILLUSORY MEMORIES

KW - REMEMBERING WORDS

KW - ACTIVATION THEORY

KW - RECOGNITION

KW - RECALL

KW - DRM

KW - LISTS

KW - INHIBITION

KW - ACCURATE

U2 - 10.1016/j.jecp.2010.03.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jecp.2010.03.003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 107

SP - 31

EP - 49

JO - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

SN - 0022-0965

IS - 1

ER -