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Assessment of large-eddy simulation feasibility in modelling the unsteady diesel fuel injection and mixing in a high-speed direct-injection engine

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • K. Jagus
  • Xi Jiang
  • G. Dober
  • G. Greeves
  • N. Milanovic
  • H. Zhao

Associated organisational unit

Journal publication date08/2009
JournalProceedings of the institution of mechanical engineers part d-Journal of automobile engineering
Journal numberD8
Volume223
Number of pages16
Pages1033-1048
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

This paper aims to assess the feasibility of large-eddy simulation (LES) as applied to a real engine configuration. Two cases of LES were performed together with a reference Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulation to study their performances in the prediction of the fuel injection and mixing in a high-speed direct-injection diesel engine. In addition, sensitivity of the LES results with respect to mesh resolution was investigated, as LES requires a higher mesh density and the filtering process depends on the mesh size. The LES meant that detailed information could be obtained on the fuel spray development and turbulent flow field that was not possible to capture using the RANS modelling approach. It was found that the LES captures flow structures that have a pronounced impact on the prediction of the fuel injection and mixing. High-resolution LES predicted higher liquid and vapour penetration into the cylinder, which is in better agreement with the experimental data obtained at Delphi Diesel Systems than is the RANS prediction. It was also shown that using a finer mesh in LES yields improvements in turbulent flow field prediction, at the same time reducing the contribution of the modelled part of the turbulent kinetic energy. Overall, it was proved that LES is a superior alternative to the traditional RANS approach for turbulent two-phase flows encountered in diesel fuel injections where flow unsteadiness is prominent. Improved predictions obtained from an advanced LES can subsequently enhance the understanding of the fuel injection process and assist the engine experimentation and design.