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  • Ingle et al 2016 Heart - FINAL accepted version

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Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men

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Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men. / Ingle, Lee; Mellis, Michelle; Brodie, David; Sandercock, Gavin R.

In: Heart (British Cardiac Society), Vol. 103, No. 7, 01.04.2017, p. 524-528.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ingle, L, Mellis, M, Brodie, D & Sandercock, GR 2017, 'Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men', Heart (British Cardiac Society), vol. 103, no. 7, pp. 524-528. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310142

APA

Ingle, L., Mellis, M., Brodie, D., & Sandercock, G. R. (2017). Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men. Heart (British Cardiac Society), 103(7), 524-528. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310142

Vancouver

Ingle L, Mellis M, Brodie D, Sandercock GR. Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men. Heart (British Cardiac Society). 2017 Apr 1;103(7):524-528. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310142

Author

Ingle, Lee ; Mellis, Michelle ; Brodie, David ; Sandercock, Gavin R. / Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men. In: Heart (British Cardiac Society). 2017 ; Vol. 103, No. 7. pp. 524-528.

Bibtex

@article{68ccdfd700b949a59c4392f645e78e0f,
title = "Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men",
abstract = "Background Age and body mass index (BMI) are positively associated with the development of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) can attenuate BMI-related increases in prevalence of MetS, but the nature of this association across different age strata has not been fully investigated.Aim To identify the association between CRF and MetS prevalence across age strata (20–69 years) and determine whether associations are independent of BMI.Methods CRF was estimated from incremental treadmill exercise in British men attending preventative health screening. Participants were placed in four age strata (20–39, 40–49, 50–59 and 60–69 years) and classified as fit or unfit using age-related cut-offs. The presence of MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.Results 9666 asymptomatic men (48.7±8.4 years) were enrolled. The prevalence of MetS was 25.5% in all men and ranged from 17.1% in those aged 20–39 years to 30.6% in those aged 60–69 years. Fit men's likelihood of meeting the criteria for MetS was half (OR=0.51, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.57) that of unfit men. The likelihood of MetS was 32–53% lower across age strata in fit, compared with unfit men. Adjustment for BMI attenuated the association, though it remained significant in men aged 20–49 years.Conclusions The cardiometabolic benefits of CRF are independent of BMI particularly in men <50 years. Public health messages should emphasise the important role of CRF alongside weight management for enhancing cardiometabolic health.",
keywords = "Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Body Mass Index, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Cross-Sectional Studies, Health Status, Humans, Male, Metabolic Syndrome X, Middle Aged, Obesity, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Time Factors, United Kingdom, Young Adult, Journal Article, Multicenter Study",
author = "Lee Ingle and Michelle Mellis and David Brodie and Sandercock, {Gavin R}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2017 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Cardiovascular Society. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310142",
language = "English",
volume = "103",
pages = "524--528",
journal = "Heart (British Cardiac Society)",
issn = "1355-6037",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome in British men

AU - Ingle, Lee

AU - Mellis, Michelle

AU - Brodie, David

AU - Sandercock, Gavin R

N1 - Copyright © 2017 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Cardiovascular Society. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/4/1

Y1 - 2017/4/1

N2 - Background Age and body mass index (BMI) are positively associated with the development of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) can attenuate BMI-related increases in prevalence of MetS, but the nature of this association across different age strata has not been fully investigated.Aim To identify the association between CRF and MetS prevalence across age strata (20–69 years) and determine whether associations are independent of BMI.Methods CRF was estimated from incremental treadmill exercise in British men attending preventative health screening. Participants were placed in four age strata (20–39, 40–49, 50–59 and 60–69 years) and classified as fit or unfit using age-related cut-offs. The presence of MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.Results 9666 asymptomatic men (48.7±8.4 years) were enrolled. The prevalence of MetS was 25.5% in all men and ranged from 17.1% in those aged 20–39 years to 30.6% in those aged 60–69 years. Fit men's likelihood of meeting the criteria for MetS was half (OR=0.51, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.57) that of unfit men. The likelihood of MetS was 32–53% lower across age strata in fit, compared with unfit men. Adjustment for BMI attenuated the association, though it remained significant in men aged 20–49 years.Conclusions The cardiometabolic benefits of CRF are independent of BMI particularly in men <50 years. Public health messages should emphasise the important role of CRF alongside weight management for enhancing cardiometabolic health.

AB - Background Age and body mass index (BMI) are positively associated with the development of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) can attenuate BMI-related increases in prevalence of MetS, but the nature of this association across different age strata has not been fully investigated.Aim To identify the association between CRF and MetS prevalence across age strata (20–69 years) and determine whether associations are independent of BMI.Methods CRF was estimated from incremental treadmill exercise in British men attending preventative health screening. Participants were placed in four age strata (20–39, 40–49, 50–59 and 60–69 years) and classified as fit or unfit using age-related cut-offs. The presence of MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.Results 9666 asymptomatic men (48.7±8.4 years) were enrolled. The prevalence of MetS was 25.5% in all men and ranged from 17.1% in those aged 20–39 years to 30.6% in those aged 60–69 years. Fit men's likelihood of meeting the criteria for MetS was half (OR=0.51, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.57) that of unfit men. The likelihood of MetS was 32–53% lower across age strata in fit, compared with unfit men. Adjustment for BMI attenuated the association, though it remained significant in men aged 20–49 years.Conclusions The cardiometabolic benefits of CRF are independent of BMI particularly in men <50 years. Public health messages should emphasise the important role of CRF alongside weight management for enhancing cardiometabolic health.

KW - Adult

KW - Age Distribution

KW - Aged

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Cardiorespiratory Fitness

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Health Status

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Metabolic Syndrome X

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Obesity

KW - Prevalence

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Time Factors

KW - United Kingdom

KW - Young Adult

KW - Journal Article

KW - Multicenter Study

U2 - 10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310142

DO - 10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310142

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27798054

VL - 103

SP - 524

EP - 528

JO - Heart (British Cardiac Society)

JF - Heart (British Cardiac Society)

SN - 1355-6037

IS - 7

ER -