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Authors' reply to 'comments on 'researcher bias: The use of machine learning in software defect prediction''

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/11/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering
Issue number11
Volume44
Number of pages3
Pages (from-to)1129-1131
Publication statusPublished
Early online date24/07/17
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

In 2014 we published a meta-analysis of software defect prediction studies [1] . This suggested that the most important factor in determining results was Research Group, i.e., who conducts the experiment is more important than the classifier algorithms being investigated. A recent re-analysis [2] sought to argue that the effect is less strong than originally claimed since there is a relationship between Research Group and Dataset. In this response we show (i) the re-analysis is based on a small (21 percent) subset of our original data, (ii) using the same re-analysis approach with a larger subset shows that Research Group is more important than type of Classifier and (iii) however the data are analysed there is compelling evidence that who conducts the research has an effect on the results. This means that the problem of researcher bias remains. Addressing it should be seen as a matter of priority amongst those of us who conduct and publish experiments comparing the performance of competing software defect prediction systems.