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Beyond enclosure: upland common land in England and Wales since 1800.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter


Publication date2004
Host publicationSociety, Landscape and Environment in Upland Britain
EditorsIan D. Whyte, Angus J. L. Winchester
Place of publicationBirmingham
PublisherSociety for Landscape Studies
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)0 9539711-1-2
Original languageEnglish

Publication series

NameSupplementary Series
PublisherSociety for Landscape Studies


A significant acreage of common land remains in the mountains, moors and fells of England and Wales; landscapes where parliamentary enclosure had incomplete and idiosyncratic effect. Looking beyond enclosure, this chapter asks for greater awareness of upland common land and common agriculture. The chapter argues for close analysis of 'communal' grazing customs and institutions existing within a changing cultural and political environment. Further, it is suggested that a global debate on 'common pool resources' informs analysis of upland commons and reaffirms their international importance.