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Biodegradation of PAHs in soil : influence of chemical structure, concentration and multiple amendment.

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Biodegradation of PAHs in soil : influence of chemical structure, concentration and multiple amendment. / Couling, Natalie R.; Towell, Marcie G.; Semple, Kirk T.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 158, No. 11, 11.2010, p. 3411-3420.

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Couling, Natalie R. ; Towell, Marcie G. ; Semple, Kirk T. / Biodegradation of PAHs in soil : influence of chemical structure, concentration and multiple amendment. In: Environmental Pollution. 2010 ; Vol. 158, No. 11. pp. 3411-3420.

Bibtex

@article{0f4d2ac110f649de8adfd60f48ab13f9,
title = "Biodegradation of PAHs in soil : influence of chemical structure, concentration and multiple amendment.",
abstract = "The influence of PAH chemical structure and concentration, added in either single (75 or 300 mg kg−1) or multiple (2 × 75, 2 × 150 or 4 × 75 mg kg−1) applications as single- or multiple-contaminant systems, on the development of PAH biodegradation in a pristine soil was investigated. Development in microbial catabolic ability was assessed at 0, 28, 56 and 84 d by monitoring 14C-naphthalene, 14C-phenanthrene and 14C-pyrene mineralisation over 14 d in respirometric assays. The presence of other contaminants influenced the ability of the indigenous microflora to mineralise structurally different contaminants over time. 14C-Naphthalene mineralisation was inhibited by the presence of other contaminants; whereas the presence of naphthalene significantly enhanced rates of mineralisation in multiple-contaminant systems containing 14C-phenanthrene and 14C-pyrene. Generally, increasing the number of contaminant applications has implications for catabolic activity of soil microbes. It is suggested the toxic nature of PAHs retarded mineralisation at increased contaminant concentrations. The simultaneous effects of PAH concentration, contaminant mixture and repeated application on the development of catabolic activity in soil.",
keywords = "Catabolism, Mineralisation, Multiple applications, PAHs, Multiple-contaminant systems",
author = "Couling, {Natalie R.} and Towell, {Marcie G.} and Semple, {Kirk T.}",
year = "2010",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.envpol.2010.07.034",
language = "English",
volume = "158",
pages = "3411--3420",
journal = "Environmental Pollution",
issn = "0269-7491",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biodegradation of PAHs in soil : influence of chemical structure, concentration and multiple amendment.

AU - Couling, Natalie R.

AU - Towell, Marcie G.

AU - Semple, Kirk T.

PY - 2010/11

Y1 - 2010/11

N2 - The influence of PAH chemical structure and concentration, added in either single (75 or 300 mg kg−1) or multiple (2 × 75, 2 × 150 or 4 × 75 mg kg−1) applications as single- or multiple-contaminant systems, on the development of PAH biodegradation in a pristine soil was investigated. Development in microbial catabolic ability was assessed at 0, 28, 56 and 84 d by monitoring 14C-naphthalene, 14C-phenanthrene and 14C-pyrene mineralisation over 14 d in respirometric assays. The presence of other contaminants influenced the ability of the indigenous microflora to mineralise structurally different contaminants over time. 14C-Naphthalene mineralisation was inhibited by the presence of other contaminants; whereas the presence of naphthalene significantly enhanced rates of mineralisation in multiple-contaminant systems containing 14C-phenanthrene and 14C-pyrene. Generally, increasing the number of contaminant applications has implications for catabolic activity of soil microbes. It is suggested the toxic nature of PAHs retarded mineralisation at increased contaminant concentrations. The simultaneous effects of PAH concentration, contaminant mixture and repeated application on the development of catabolic activity in soil.

AB - The influence of PAH chemical structure and concentration, added in either single (75 or 300 mg kg−1) or multiple (2 × 75, 2 × 150 or 4 × 75 mg kg−1) applications as single- or multiple-contaminant systems, on the development of PAH biodegradation in a pristine soil was investigated. Development in microbial catabolic ability was assessed at 0, 28, 56 and 84 d by monitoring 14C-naphthalene, 14C-phenanthrene and 14C-pyrene mineralisation over 14 d in respirometric assays. The presence of other contaminants influenced the ability of the indigenous microflora to mineralise structurally different contaminants over time. 14C-Naphthalene mineralisation was inhibited by the presence of other contaminants; whereas the presence of naphthalene significantly enhanced rates of mineralisation in multiple-contaminant systems containing 14C-phenanthrene and 14C-pyrene. Generally, increasing the number of contaminant applications has implications for catabolic activity of soil microbes. It is suggested the toxic nature of PAHs retarded mineralisation at increased contaminant concentrations. The simultaneous effects of PAH concentration, contaminant mixture and repeated application on the development of catabolic activity in soil.

KW - Catabolism

KW - Mineralisation

KW - Multiple applications

KW - PAHs

KW - Multiple-contaminant systems

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956613270&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.07.034

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.07.034

M3 - Journal article

VL - 158

SP - 3411

EP - 3420

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

IS - 11

ER -