We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Biodiversity and the patent system : towards in...
View graph of relations

« Back

Biodiversity and the patent system : towards international indicators. Submission to the executive secretary of the convention on biological diversity.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date2006
JournalGlobal status and Trends Intell. Prop. Claims
Number of pages88
Original languageEnglish


This paper provides a series of international indicators for biodiversity and traditional knowledge within the global patent system. The indicators are based on a review of the International Patent Classification in use by patent offices worldwide and enable the analysis of a wide variety of sectors and sub-sectors of activity. Nine main sectors are reviewed ranging from agriculture to cosmetics, traditional medicines, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. A series of sub-sectors such as stem cells, genomics and proteomics are also examined. The paper was prepared to inform debates on an international regime on access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity. The paper is also relevant to the work of WIPO on Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge. A range of policy options including disclosure of origin, certificates and the introduction of Adjustable Incentive Measures (AIMs) are considered in detail. The paper is relevant for the 2010 Target and the Millennium Development Goals.