12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Ama...
View graph of relations

« Back

Biodiversity conservation in human-modified Amazonian forest landscapes.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • Carols A. Peres
  • Toby A. Gardner
  • Jos Barlow
  • Jansen Zuanon
  • Fernanda Michalski
  • Alexander C. Lees
  • Ima C. G. Vieira
  • Fatima M. S. Moreira
  • Kenneth J. Feeley
Journal publication date10/2010
JournalBiological Conservation
Journal number10
Volume143
Number of pages14
Pages2314-2327
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Amazonia (sensu lato) is by far the largest tropical forest region, but has succumbed to the highest absolute rates of tropical deforestation and forest degradation, driven by rapid frontier expansion, road-building, and spontaneous or government-subsidized migration. The large area-through-time and paleo-climatic stability of Amazonian forests may help explain the high regional to local scale plant and animal species diversity of true forest specialists and high ecological sensitivity to contemporary land-use change. We describe the prevailing forms of anthropogenic disturbance that affect forest organisms in the context of the geographic and evolutionary background that has shaped the degree to which forest species may be resilient to environmental change. The fate of Amazonian biodiversity will partly depend upon the interaction between land-use and climate change, and the extent to which seasonally-dry forests can retain immunity against catastrophic recurrent wildfires. This review illustrates the importance of considering interactions between different forms of forest disturbance to develop effective conservation policy. We conclude with some considerations of the policy agenda necessary to protect forest cover and forest biodiversity at a meaningful scale across the Amazonian biome.