Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Biogeographic differences in soil biota promote...

Electronic data

  • Broadbent et al 2018 Oecologia Post Print

    Rights statement: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-018-4081-y

    Accepted author manuscript, 219 KB, PDF document

    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Biogeographic differences in soil biota promote invasive grass response to nutrient addition relative to co-occurring species despite lack of belowground enemy release

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Standard

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{687ff5de03d24e34b490fb14ecf408b8,
title = "Biogeographic differences in soil biota promote invasive grass response to nutrient addition relative to co-occurring species despite lack of belowground enemy release",
abstract = "Multiple plant species invasions and increases in nutrient availability are pervasive drivers of global environmental change that often co-occur. Many plant invasion studies, however, focus on single-species or single-mechanism invasions, risking an oversimplifcation of a multifaceted process. Here, we test how biogeographic diferences in soil biota, such as belowground enemy release, interact with increases in nutrient availability to infuence invasive plant growth. We conducted a greenhouse experiment using three co-occurring invasive grasses and one native grass. We grew species in live and sterilized soil from the invader{\textquoteright}s native (United Kingdom) and introduced (New Zealand) ranges with a nutrient addition treatment. We found no evidence for belowground enemy release. However, species{\textquoteright} responses to nutrients varied, and this depended on soil originand sterilization. In live soil from the introduced range, the invasive species Lolium perenne L. responded more positively to nutrient addition than co-occurring invasive and native species. In contrast, in live soil from the native range and in sterilized soils, there were no diferences in species{\textquoteright} responses to nutrients. This suggests that the presence of soil biota from the introduced range allowed L. perenne to capture additional nutrients better than co-occurring species. Considering the globally widespread nature of anthropogenic nutrient additions to ecosystems, this efect could be contributing to a global homogenization of fora and the associated losses in native species diversity.",
keywords = "Belowground, Enemy release, Invasive species , Nutrient availability, Soil biota ",
author = "Broadbent, {Arthur A. D.} and Stevens, {Carly Joanne} and Ostle, {Nicholas John} and Orwin, {Kate Helen}",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-018-4081-y",
year = "2018",
month = mar
doi = "10.1007/s00442-018-4081-y",
language = "English",
volume = "186",
pages = "611--620",
journal = "Oecologia",
issn = "0029-8549",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biogeographic differences in soil biota promote invasive grass response to nutrient addition relative to co-occurring species despite lack of belowground enemy release

AU - Broadbent, Arthur A. D.

AU - Stevens, Carly Joanne

AU - Ostle, Nicholas John

AU - Orwin, Kate Helen

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-018-4081-y

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - Multiple plant species invasions and increases in nutrient availability are pervasive drivers of global environmental change that often co-occur. Many plant invasion studies, however, focus on single-species or single-mechanism invasions, risking an oversimplifcation of a multifaceted process. Here, we test how biogeographic diferences in soil biota, such as belowground enemy release, interact with increases in nutrient availability to infuence invasive plant growth. We conducted a greenhouse experiment using three co-occurring invasive grasses and one native grass. We grew species in live and sterilized soil from the invader’s native (United Kingdom) and introduced (New Zealand) ranges with a nutrient addition treatment. We found no evidence for belowground enemy release. However, species’ responses to nutrients varied, and this depended on soil originand sterilization. In live soil from the introduced range, the invasive species Lolium perenne L. responded more positively to nutrient addition than co-occurring invasive and native species. In contrast, in live soil from the native range and in sterilized soils, there were no diferences in species’ responses to nutrients. This suggests that the presence of soil biota from the introduced range allowed L. perenne to capture additional nutrients better than co-occurring species. Considering the globally widespread nature of anthropogenic nutrient additions to ecosystems, this efect could be contributing to a global homogenization of fora and the associated losses in native species diversity.

AB - Multiple plant species invasions and increases in nutrient availability are pervasive drivers of global environmental change that often co-occur. Many plant invasion studies, however, focus on single-species or single-mechanism invasions, risking an oversimplifcation of a multifaceted process. Here, we test how biogeographic diferences in soil biota, such as belowground enemy release, interact with increases in nutrient availability to infuence invasive plant growth. We conducted a greenhouse experiment using three co-occurring invasive grasses and one native grass. We grew species in live and sterilized soil from the invader’s native (United Kingdom) and introduced (New Zealand) ranges with a nutrient addition treatment. We found no evidence for belowground enemy release. However, species’ responses to nutrients varied, and this depended on soil originand sterilization. In live soil from the introduced range, the invasive species Lolium perenne L. responded more positively to nutrient addition than co-occurring invasive and native species. In contrast, in live soil from the native range and in sterilized soils, there were no diferences in species’ responses to nutrients. This suggests that the presence of soil biota from the introduced range allowed L. perenne to capture additional nutrients better than co-occurring species. Considering the globally widespread nature of anthropogenic nutrient additions to ecosystems, this efect could be contributing to a global homogenization of fora and the associated losses in native species diversity.

KW - Belowground

KW - Enemy release

KW - Invasive species

KW - Nutrient availability

KW - Soil biota

U2 - 10.1007/s00442-018-4081-y

DO - 10.1007/s00442-018-4081-y

M3 - Journal article

VL - 186

SP - 611

EP - 620

JO - Oecologia

JF - Oecologia

SN - 0029-8549

IS - 3

ER -