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Business takeover or new venture?: Individual and environmental determinants from a cross-country study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date09/2013
JournalEntrepreneurship Theory and Practice
Journal number5
Volume37
Number of pages23
Pages1099–1121
Early online date5/06/12
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Whereas the determinants of entrepreneurial choice have been thoroughly analyzed in the literature, little is known about the preferred mode of entry into entrepreneurship, such as taking over an existing business or starting a new venture. Using a large international data set, this study reports considerable differences in takeover preferences across 33 countries. Hierarchical (multilevel) regressions are performed to explore individual-level and country-level determinants of the preferred mode of entry. At the individual level, a person's human capital, risk attitude, and inventiveness influence the preference for starting a new venture versus taking over an existing business. At the country level, the culture-inherent level of risk tolerance, the country's level of innovation output, and the administrative difficulty of starting a new business are found to explain the between-country variation in the preferred mode of entry. Implications of our findings for research and practice are also discussed.