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'C' is for Commercial Collaboration: Enterprise and Structure in the 'Middle Market' of Counterfeit Alcohol Distribution

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Crime, Law and Social Change
Issue number5
Number of pages18
Pages (from-to)543–560
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish


This article utilising the work of Pearson and Hobbs [1] defines the middle market in counterfeit alcohol. Drugs markets have a resemblance to counterfeit alcohol markets in as much that they share the illicit nature of the product and the need to distribute the product at the ‘street’ level. Drawing on two case studies taken from a European regulator the article details the dynamics of the market, the enterprise actions of the actors and how law enforcement responses can, in certain circumstances, make the task of the distributors easier. The traditional notions of organised crime are challenged and organisation of counterfeit alcohol markets is viewed as being reliant upon those who have legitimate access to the market and are able to develop networks of commercial collaborators who by their position in the legitimate market are able to conceal their illicit actions.