12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Capitalism, Steering, and the State ('Kapitalis...
View graph of relations

« Back

Capitalism, Steering, and the State ('Kapitalismus, Steuerung und Staat').

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Published

Publication date2003
Host publicationFormen und Felder politischer Intervention. Zur Relevanz von Staat und Steuerung
EditorsSonja Buckel, Regina Maria Dackweiler, Ronald Noppe
Place of publicationMunster, Germany
PublisherWestfälisches Dampfboot
Pages30-49
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)389691541X
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

There has been growing interest in the last 25 years in new (or revived) forms of steering, such as networks, public-private partnerships, multi-level governance, the kooperativer Staat, and their contribution to solving complex coordination problems in and across a wide range of specialized systems and the lifeworld. The distinctive feature of these heterarchic steering mechanisms is the reflexive self-organization of independent actors involved in complex relations of reciprocal interdependence. Such actors are expected to engage in continuing dialogue and resource-sharing in order to develop mutually beneficial joint projects and to manage the inevitable contradictions and dilemmas associated therewith. Thus heterarchy can be distinguished from the 'invisible hand' of uncoordinated market exchange based on the formally rational pursuitof self-interest by isolated market agents; and from the 'iron fist' (perhaps in a 'velvet glove') of imperative coordination in pursuit of substantive goals established from above by business managers, state officials, etc.. Together, these three forms of coordination � markets, hierarchies, and heterarchies � provide the main poles around which economic, political, and social governance are organized in complex societies.