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  • Philpot et al 2019 - Capturing Violence in the Night-Time Economy

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Aggression and Violent Behavior. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Aggression and Violent Behavior, 46, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2019.02.004

    Accepted author manuscript, 494 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 10/08/20

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND

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Capturing violence in the night-time economy: A review of established and emerging methodologies

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/05/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Aggression and Violent Behavior
Volume46
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)56-65
Publication statusPublished
Early online date10/02/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Night-time economy (NTE) leisure zones, while providing local economic growth and positive social experiences, are hotspots for urban public violence. Research aimed at better understanding and thus reducing this violence has employed a range of empirical methods: official records, self-reports, experiments, and observational techniques. In this paper, we review the applications of these methodologies for analyzing NTE violence on key research dimensions, including mapping incidents across time and space; interpreting the motivations and meaning of violence; identifying social psychological background variables and health consequences; and the ability to examine mid-violent interactions. Further, we assess each method in terms of reliability, validity, and the potential for establishing causal claims. We demonstrate that there are fewer and less established methodologies available for examining the interactional dynamics of NTE violence. Using real-life NTE bystander intervention as a case example, we argue that video-based behavioral analysis is a promising method to address this gap. Given the infancy and relative lack of exposure of the video observational method, we provide recommendations for scholars interested in adopting this technique.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Aggression and Violent Behavior. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Aggression and Violent Behavior, 46, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2019.02.004