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Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis

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Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis. / Telleria, Erich L; Sant'Anna, Maurício R V; Ortigão-Farias, João R; Pitaluga, André N; Dillon, Viv M; Bates, Paul A; Traub-Csekö, Yara M; Dillon, Rod J.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 287, No. 16, 13.04.2012, p. 12985-12993.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Telleria, EL, Sant'Anna, MRV, Ortigão-Farias, JR, Pitaluga, AN, Dillon, VM, Bates, PA, Traub-Csekö, YM & Dillon, RJ 2012, 'Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 287, no. 16, pp. 12985-12993. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.331561

APA

Telleria, E. L., Sant'Anna, M. R. V., Ortigão-Farias, J. R., Pitaluga, A. N., Dillon, V. M., Bates, P. A., Traub-Csekö, Y. M., & Dillon, R. J. (2012). Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287(16), 12985-12993. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.331561

Vancouver

Telleria EL, Sant'Anna MRV, Ortigão-Farias JR, Pitaluga AN, Dillon VM, Bates PA et al. Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2012 Apr 13;287(16):12985-12993. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.331561

Author

Telleria, Erich L ; Sant'Anna, Maurício R V ; Ortigão-Farias, João R ; Pitaluga, André N ; Dillon, Viv M ; Bates, Paul A ; Traub-Csekö, Yara M ; Dillon, Rod J. / Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2012 ; Vol. 287, No. 16. pp. 12985-12993.

Bibtex

@article{02b2583fd68946d594dd4055952b1cd4,
title = "Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis",
abstract = "Female phlebotomine sand flies Lutzomyia longipalpis naturally harbor populations of the medically important Leishmania infantum (syn. Leishmania chagasi) parasite in the gut, but the extent to which the parasite interacts with the immune system of the insect vector is unknown. To investigate the sand fly immune response and its interaction with the Leishmania parasite, we identified a homologue for caspar, a negative regulator of immune deficiency signaling pathway. We found that feeding antibiotics to adult female L. longipalpis resulted in an up-regulation of caspar expression relative to controls. caspar was differentially expressed when females were fed on gram-negative and gram-positive bacterial species. caspar expression was significantly down-regulated in females between 3 and 6 days after a blood feed containing Leishmania mexicana amastigotes. RNA interference was used to deplete caspar expression in female L. longipalpis, which were subsequently fed with Leishmania in a blood meal. Sand fly gut populations of both L. mexicana and L. infantum were significantly reduced in caspar-depleted females. The prevalence of L. infantum infection in the females fell from 85 to 45%. Our results provide the first insight into the operation of immune homeostasis in phlebotomine sand flies during the growth of bacterial and Leishmania populations in the digestive tract. We have demonstrated that the activation of the sand fly immune system, via depletion of a single gene, can lead to the abortion of Leishmania development and the disruption of transmission by the phlebotomine sand fly.",
keywords = "Innate Immunity, Insect Immunity , Leishmania , Parasitology , RNA Interference (RNAi) , Caspar , Gut, Lutzomyia , Sand Fly",
author = "Telleria, {Erich L} and Sant'Anna, {Maur{\'i}cio R V} and Ortig{\~a}o-Farias, {Jo{\~a}o R} and Pitaluga, {Andr{\'e} N} and Dillon, {Viv M} and Bates, {Paul A} and Traub-Csek{\"o}, {Yara M} and Dillon, {Rod J}",
year = "2012",
month = apr,
day = "13",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M111.331561",
language = "English",
volume = "287",
pages = "12985--12993",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "16",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis

AU - Telleria, Erich L

AU - Sant'Anna, Maurício R V

AU - Ortigão-Farias, João R

AU - Pitaluga, André N

AU - Dillon, Viv M

AU - Bates, Paul A

AU - Traub-Csekö, Yara M

AU - Dillon, Rod J

PY - 2012/4/13

Y1 - 2012/4/13

N2 - Female phlebotomine sand flies Lutzomyia longipalpis naturally harbor populations of the medically important Leishmania infantum (syn. Leishmania chagasi) parasite in the gut, but the extent to which the parasite interacts with the immune system of the insect vector is unknown. To investigate the sand fly immune response and its interaction with the Leishmania parasite, we identified a homologue for caspar, a negative regulator of immune deficiency signaling pathway. We found that feeding antibiotics to adult female L. longipalpis resulted in an up-regulation of caspar expression relative to controls. caspar was differentially expressed when females were fed on gram-negative and gram-positive bacterial species. caspar expression was significantly down-regulated in females between 3 and 6 days after a blood feed containing Leishmania mexicana amastigotes. RNA interference was used to deplete caspar expression in female L. longipalpis, which were subsequently fed with Leishmania in a blood meal. Sand fly gut populations of both L. mexicana and L. infantum were significantly reduced in caspar-depleted females. The prevalence of L. infantum infection in the females fell from 85 to 45%. Our results provide the first insight into the operation of immune homeostasis in phlebotomine sand flies during the growth of bacterial and Leishmania populations in the digestive tract. We have demonstrated that the activation of the sand fly immune system, via depletion of a single gene, can lead to the abortion of Leishmania development and the disruption of transmission by the phlebotomine sand fly.

AB - Female phlebotomine sand flies Lutzomyia longipalpis naturally harbor populations of the medically important Leishmania infantum (syn. Leishmania chagasi) parasite in the gut, but the extent to which the parasite interacts with the immune system of the insect vector is unknown. To investigate the sand fly immune response and its interaction with the Leishmania parasite, we identified a homologue for caspar, a negative regulator of immune deficiency signaling pathway. We found that feeding antibiotics to adult female L. longipalpis resulted in an up-regulation of caspar expression relative to controls. caspar was differentially expressed when females were fed on gram-negative and gram-positive bacterial species. caspar expression was significantly down-regulated in females between 3 and 6 days after a blood feed containing Leishmania mexicana amastigotes. RNA interference was used to deplete caspar expression in female L. longipalpis, which were subsequently fed with Leishmania in a blood meal. Sand fly gut populations of both L. mexicana and L. infantum were significantly reduced in caspar-depleted females. The prevalence of L. infantum infection in the females fell from 85 to 45%. Our results provide the first insight into the operation of immune homeostasis in phlebotomine sand flies during the growth of bacterial and Leishmania populations in the digestive tract. We have demonstrated that the activation of the sand fly immune system, via depletion of a single gene, can lead to the abortion of Leishmania development and the disruption of transmission by the phlebotomine sand fly.

KW - Innate Immunity

KW - Insect Immunity

KW - Leishmania

KW - Parasitology

KW - RNA Interference (RNAi)

KW - Caspar

KW - Gut

KW - Lutzomyia

KW - Sand Fly

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859768521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M111.331561

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M111.331561

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22375009

VL - 287

SP - 12985

EP - 12993

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 16

ER -