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Characterisation of a mRNA that accumulates during development of oilseed rape pods

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date01/1994
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
Journal number1
Volume24
Number of pages5
Pages223-227
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Dehiscence of oilseed rape pods, commonly known as pod shatter, is a process of agronomic importance that results in seed loss causing yield reductions and carry-over of the crop into the following growing season. In an effort to understand the mechanisms underlying this developmental event, the changes in gene expression that accompany pod shatter have been examined with a view to understanding how the process is regulated. In order to achieve this, a cDNA library was constructed using mRNA extracted from the dehiscence zone of developing pods. Differential screening with non-dehiscence zone cDNA led to the isolation of a pod-specific clone, SAC25, with a transcript size of 1100 nucleotide encoding a predicted polypeptide of 34 kDa. The level of SAC25 mRNA accumulation increased during pod development. The sequence shows no significant homology to others within the databases but has two identifiable amino acid motifs, one is an adenine nucleotide binding site for NAD/FAD dehydrogenases and the other is a conserved feature of the ribitol dehydrogenase family. The amino acid sequence has four putative glycosylation sites and contains four cysteine residues. Genomic Southern analysis indicates that SAC25 may be encoded by a single gene or a small gene family. The function of this mRNA is unknown but possible roles in dehiscence and pod development are discussed.