We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Chemical nonlinearities in relating intercontin...
View graph of relations

« Back

Chemical nonlinearities in relating intercontinental ozone pollution to anthropogenic emissions

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • Shiliang Wu
  • Bryan N. Duncan
  • Daniel J. Jacob
  • Arlene M. Fiore
  • Oliver Wild
Article numberL05806
Journal publication date5/03/2009
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Number of pages5
Original languageEnglish


Model studies typically estimate intercontinental influence on surface ozone by perturbing emissions from a source continent and diagnosing the ozone response in the receptor continent. Since the response to perturbations is non-linear due to chemistry, conclusions drawn from different studies may depend on the magnitude of the applied perturbation. We investigate this issue for intercontinental transport between North America, Europe, and Asia with sensitivity simulations in three global chemical transport models. In each region, we decrease anthropogenic emissions of NOx and nonmethane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) by 20% and 100%. We find strong nonlinearity in the response to NOx perturbations outside summer, reflecting transitions in the chemical regime for ozone production. In contrast, we find no significant nonlinearity to NOx perturbations in summer or to NMVOC perturbations year-round. The relative benefit of decreasing NOx vs. NMVOC from current levels to abate intercontinental pollution increases with the magnitude of emission reductions.

Bibliographic note

©2009. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Related projects