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Choice-based demand management and vehicle routing in e-fulfillment

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/05/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Transportation Science
Issue number2
Volume50
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)473-488
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date7/08/14
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Attended home delivery services face the challenge of providing narrow delivery time slots to ensure customer satisfaction, while keeping the significant delivery costs under control. To that end, a firm can try to influence customers when they are booking their delivery time slot so as to steer them toward choosing slots that are expected to result in cost-effective schedules. We estimate a multinomial logit customer choice model from historic booking data and demonstrate that this can be calibrated well on a genuine e-grocer data set. We propose dynamic pricing policies based on this choice model to determine which and how much incentive (discount or charge) to offer for each time slot at the time a customer intends to make a booking. A crucial role in these dynamic pricing problems is played by the delivery cost, which is also estimated dynamically. We show in a simulation study based on real data that anticipating the likely future delivery cost of an additional order in a given location can
lead to significantly increased profit as compared with current industry practice.