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Collective findings, individual interpretations: an illustration of a pluralistic approach to qualitative data analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • Nollaig Frost
  • Amanda Holt
  • Pnina Shinebourne
  • Cigdem Esin
  • Sevasti-Melissa Nolas
  • Leila Mehdizadeh
  • Belinda Brooks-Gordon
Journal publication date2011
JournalQualitative Research in Psychology
Number of pages21
Original languageEnglish


The establishment of qualitative approaches in the mainstream of psychology research facilitates innovation in their use, both singly and in combination. In this article, we describe a pluralistic qualitative analysis of the transcript of a semi-structured interview on the topic of second-time motherhood using Grounded Theory, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Narrative Analysis, and Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Each approach encapsulates different epistemological assumptions and is employed by a different analyst. We present key collective findings and the different interpretations of these findings by each analyst. We discuss how a pluralistic qualitative approach to data analysis can aid the quest to “know more” about a phenomenon by providing a more holistic, multilayered understanding of data that works across epistemologies.