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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Marine Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Marine Energy, 16, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijome.2016.05.009

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Comparative turbulent three-dimensional Navier-Stokes hydrodynamic analysis and performance assessment of oscillating wings for renewable energy applications

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Marine Energy
Volume16
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)100-115
Publication statusPublished
Early online date21/05/16
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Oscillating wings can extract energy from an oncoming water or air stream, and first large-scale marine demonstrators are being tested. Oscillating wing hydrodynamics is highly unsteady, may feature dynamic stall and leading edge vortex shedding, and is significantly three-dimensional due to finite-wing effects. Understanding the interaction of these phenomena is essential for maximizing power generation efficiency. Much of the knowledge on oscillating wing hydrodynamics stemmed from two-dimensional low-Reynolds number computational fluid dynamics studies and laboratory testing; real installations, however, will feature Reynolds numbers higher than 1 million and unavoidable finite-wing-induced losses. This study investigates the impact of flow three-dimensionality on the hydrodynamics and the efficiency of a realistic aspect ratio 10 device in a stream with Reynolds number of 1.5 million. The improvements achievable by using endplates to reduce finite-wing-induced losses are also analyzed. Three-dimensional time-dependent Navier-Stokes simulations using the shear stress transport turbulence model and a 30 million-cell grid are performed. Detailed comparative hydrodynamic analyses of the finite and the infinite wings reveal that flow three-dimensionality reduces the power generation efficiency of the finite wing with sharp tips and that with endplates by about 17% and 12% respectively. Presented analyses suggest approaches to further reducing these power losses.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Marine Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Marine Energy, 16, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijome.2016.05.009