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Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates

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Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates. / Earnshaw, Mark R.; Paul, Alex; Loos, Robert; Tavazzi, Simona; Paracchini, Bruno; Scheringer, Martin; Hungerbühler, Konrad; Jones, Kevin C.; Sweetman, Andrew J.

In: Environment International, Vol. 70, 09.2014, p. 25-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Earnshaw, MR, Paul, A, Loos, R, Tavazzi, S, Paracchini, B, Scheringer, M, Hungerbühler, K, Jones, KC & Sweetman, AJ 2014, 'Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates', Environment International, vol. 70, pp. 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

APA

Earnshaw, M. R., Paul, A., Loos, R., Tavazzi, S., Paracchini, B., Scheringer, M., Hungerbühler, K., Jones, K. C., & Sweetman, A. J. (2014). Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates. Environment International, 70, 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

Vancouver

Earnshaw MR, Paul A, Loos R, Tavazzi S, Paracchini B, Scheringer M et al. Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates. Environment International. 2014 Sep;70:25-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

Author

Earnshaw, Mark R. ; Paul, Alex ; Loos, Robert ; Tavazzi, Simona ; Paracchini, Bruno ; Scheringer, Martin ; Hungerbühler, Konrad ; Jones, Kevin C. ; Sweetman, Andrew J. / Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates. In: Environment International. 2014 ; Vol. 70. pp. 25-31.

Bibtex

@article{22dcad9574564414baee784055b1d5b6,
title = "Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates",
abstract = "The lifecycle, sources and fate of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) continue to generate scientific and political interest, particularly since PFOS was listed by the Stockholm Convention and largely restricted in Europe. It continues to be detected in aquatic environments, with only limited studies into the on-going sources. This paper explores PFOS emissions discharged by the general population into a small catchment comprising two rivers in the UK. A sampling campaign was undertaken to improve our understanding of population-derived PFOS sources from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and in rivers. A corresponding modelling exercise allowed an emission estimate of 13μg/day/per capita to be derived for the Aire and Calder rivers. PFOS emission was linked to STP discharges bylinear regression of measured and modelled concntrations (R(2)=0.49-0.85). The model was able to accurately estimate the spatial trends of PFOS in the rivers, while predicted concentrations were within a factor of three based on per capita emission values taken from the literature. Measured PFOS concentrations in rivers suggested that emissions from STPs are partially dependent on treatment type, where plants with secondary or tertiary treatment such as activated sludge processes emit less PFOS, possibly due to increased partitioning and retention. With refinements based on the type of treatment at each STP, predictions were further improved. The total PFOS mass discharged annually via rivers from the UK has been estimated to be between 215 and 310kg, based on the per capita emission range derived in this study.",
keywords = "Perfluorooctane sulfonate, Modelling, Monitoring , River Aire , Stockholm Convention , Emissions",
author = "Earnshaw, {Mark R.} and Alex Paul and Robert Loos and Simona Tavazzi and Bruno Paracchini and Martin Scheringer and Konrad Hungerb{\"u}hler and Jones, {Kevin C.} and Sweetman, {Andrew J.}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "25--31",
journal = "Environment International",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates

AU - Earnshaw, Mark R.

AU - Paul, Alex

AU - Loos, Robert

AU - Tavazzi, Simona

AU - Paracchini, Bruno

AU - Scheringer, Martin

AU - Hungerbühler, Konrad

AU - Jones, Kevin C.

AU - Sweetman, Andrew J.

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - The lifecycle, sources and fate of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) continue to generate scientific and political interest, particularly since PFOS was listed by the Stockholm Convention and largely restricted in Europe. It continues to be detected in aquatic environments, with only limited studies into the on-going sources. This paper explores PFOS emissions discharged by the general population into a small catchment comprising two rivers in the UK. A sampling campaign was undertaken to improve our understanding of population-derived PFOS sources from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and in rivers. A corresponding modelling exercise allowed an emission estimate of 13μg/day/per capita to be derived for the Aire and Calder rivers. PFOS emission was linked to STP discharges bylinear regression of measured and modelled concntrations (R(2)=0.49-0.85). The model was able to accurately estimate the spatial trends of PFOS in the rivers, while predicted concentrations were within a factor of three based on per capita emission values taken from the literature. Measured PFOS concentrations in rivers suggested that emissions from STPs are partially dependent on treatment type, where plants with secondary or tertiary treatment such as activated sludge processes emit less PFOS, possibly due to increased partitioning and retention. With refinements based on the type of treatment at each STP, predictions were further improved. The total PFOS mass discharged annually via rivers from the UK has been estimated to be between 215 and 310kg, based on the per capita emission range derived in this study.

AB - The lifecycle, sources and fate of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) continue to generate scientific and political interest, particularly since PFOS was listed by the Stockholm Convention and largely restricted in Europe. It continues to be detected in aquatic environments, with only limited studies into the on-going sources. This paper explores PFOS emissions discharged by the general population into a small catchment comprising two rivers in the UK. A sampling campaign was undertaken to improve our understanding of population-derived PFOS sources from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and in rivers. A corresponding modelling exercise allowed an emission estimate of 13μg/day/per capita to be derived for the Aire and Calder rivers. PFOS emission was linked to STP discharges bylinear regression of measured and modelled concntrations (R(2)=0.49-0.85). The model was able to accurately estimate the spatial trends of PFOS in the rivers, while predicted concentrations were within a factor of three based on per capita emission values taken from the literature. Measured PFOS concentrations in rivers suggested that emissions from STPs are partially dependent on treatment type, where plants with secondary or tertiary treatment such as activated sludge processes emit less PFOS, possibly due to increased partitioning and retention. With refinements based on the type of treatment at each STP, predictions were further improved. The total PFOS mass discharged annually via rivers from the UK has been estimated to be between 215 and 310kg, based on the per capita emission range derived in this study.

KW - Perfluorooctane sulfonate

KW - Modelling

KW - Monitoring

KW - River Aire

KW - Stockholm Convention

KW - Emissions

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24879369

VL - 70

SP - 25

EP - 31

JO - Environment International

JF - Environment International

SN - 0160-4120

ER -