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Constraints to the timing of India-Eurasia collision; a re-evaluation of evidence from the Indus Basin sedimentary rocks of the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone, Ladakh, India

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • Al Henderson
  • Yani Najman
  • Randy Parrish
  • Darren Mark
  • Gavin Foster
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>06/2011
<mark>Journal</mark>Earth-Science Reviews
Issue number3-4
Number of pages28
Pages (from-to)265-292
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Deposited within the Indus-Tsangpo suture zone, the Cenozoic Indus Basin sedimentary rocks have been interpreted to hold evidence that may constrain the timing of India-Eurasia collision, a conclusion challenged by data presented here. The Eurasian derived 50.8-51 Ma Chogdo Formation was previously considered to overlie Indian Plate marine sedimentary rocks in sedimentary contact, thus constraining the timing of collision as having occurred by this time. Using isotopic analysis (U-Pb dating on detrital zircons, Ar-Ar dating on detrital white mica, Sm-Nd analyses on detrital apatite), sandstone and conglomerate petrography, mudstone geochemistry, facies analysis and geological mapping to characterize and correlate the formations of the Indus Basin Sedimentary rocks, we review the nature of these contacts and the identification and correlation of the formations. Our results reveal that previously interpreted stratigraphic contacts identifying Chogdo Formation unconformably overlying Indian plate sedimentary rocks are incorrect. Rather, we suggest that the inaccuracy of previous interpretations is most likely a result of Formation misidentification and thus cannot be used to constrain the timing of India-Asia collision.