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  • 2017johalphd

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Content-aware radio resource management for IMT-advanced systems

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Published
  • Muhammad Johal
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Publication date2017
Number of pages151
QualificationPhD
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
Place of PublicationLancaster
Publisher
  • Lancaster University
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Radio Resource Management (RRM) is crucial to efficiently and correctly manage the delivery of quality-of-service (QoS) in IMT-Advanced systems. Various methods on radio resource management for LTE/LTE-Advanced traffic have been studied by researchers especially regarding QoS handling of video packet transmissions. Usually, cross-layer optimisation (CLO) involving the PHY and MAC layers, has been used to provide proper resource allocation and distribution to the entire system. Further initiatives to include the APP layer as part of CLO techniques have gained considerable attention by researchers. However, some of these methods did not adequately consider the level of compatibility with legacy systems and standards. Furthermore, the methods did not wholly address User Equipment (UE) mobility or performance metrics for a specific data type or a specified period.
Consequently, in this thesis, a content-aware radio RRM model employing a cross-layer optimiser focusing on a video conferencing/streaming application for a single cell long-term evolution (LTE) system has been proposed. Based on two constructed look-up tables, the cross-layer optimiser was found to dynamically adjust the transmitted video data rates depending on the UE or eNodeB SINR performance. The proposed look-up tables were derived from the performance study of the LTE classical (baseline) simulation model for various distances at a certain UE velocity. Two performance parameters, namely the average throughput and measured SINR were matched together to find the most suitable data rates for video delivery in both the uplink and downlink transmissions.
The developed content-aware RRM model was then tested against the LTE baseline simulation model, to benchmark its capability to be used as an alternative to existing RRM methods in the present LTE system. Based on the detailed simulations, the output performance demonstrated that for video packet delivery in both uplink and downlink transmissions, the content-aware RRM model vastly outperformed the legacy LTE baseline simulation model with regard to the packet loss ratio and average end-to-end delay for the same amount of throughput.
The baseline simulation model and the newly developed cross-layer approach were investigated and compared with practical measurement results in which PodNode technology, besides other components and supporting simulation software, were used to emulate the LTE communication system. The first emulation experiment involving the baseline model was generally in sync with the uplink throughput simulation performance. The second test which implemented the cross-layer approach employing the look-up table derived from the previous emulated results, confirmed the viability of the proposed content-aware RRM model to be used in current LTE or LTE-Advanced systems for improving the performance in the packet loss ratio and average packet delay.